Social Studies - 2019-20

WHI.5c - Athens & Sparta

The student will apply social science skills to understand ancient Greece in terms of its impact on Western civilization by

c) describing the cultural development of Athens and Sparta, with emphasis on the significance of citizenship and the development of democracy;

Adopted: 2015



Classical Athens developed the most democratic system of government the world had ever seen, although not everyone could participate in decision making. It became an inspiration for modern democracies.

Contrasting philosophies of government divided the Greek city-states of Athens (democracy) and Sparta (oligarchy).


Citizenship in the Greek polis

 Greek cities promoted civic and commercial life.

 Citizens (free adult males) had political rights and the responsibility of civic participation in government.

 Women and foreigners had no political rights.

 Slaves had no political rights.


 Stages in the evolution of Athenian government: Monarchy, aristocracy, tyranny, democracy

 Tyrants who worked for reform: Draco, Solon

 Origin of democratic principles: Direct democracy, public debate, duties of the citizen


 Oligarchy (rule by a small group)

 Rigid social structure

 Militaristic and aggressive society



Classical Greek Era (5a-f)

Hellenic (5a)

Ethics (5a)

Rhetoric (5a)

acropolis (5a) 

Commerce (5a)

Terracing (5a)

Colonization (5a)

Greek mythology (5b)

Greek gods (5b)

Olympic Games (5b)

Civic (5c)

Monarchy (5c)

Aristocracy (5c)

Tyranny (5c)

Democracy (5c)

Oligarchy (5c)

Persian Wars (5d)

Marathon (5d)

Salamis (5d)

Peloponnesian Wars (5d)

Delian League (5d)

Peloponnesian League (5d)

Golden Age of Pericles (5e,f)

Doric (5f)

Ionian (5f)

Corinthian (5f)

Philosophy (5f)

Iliad (5e,f)

Odyssey (5e,f)

Hellenistic Age (5g)


Draco (5c)

Solon (5c)

Pericles (5e,f)

Aeschylus (5e,f)

Sophocles (5e,f)

Homer (5e,f)

Herodotus (5e,f)

Thucydides (5e,f)

Phidias (5e,f)

Archimedes (5e,f)

Hippocrates (5e,f)

Euclid (5e,f)

Pythagoras (5e,f)

Socrates (5e,f)

Plato (5e,f)

Aristotle (5e,f)

Philip II of Macedon (5g)

Alexander the Great (5g)


Aegean Sea (5a)

Black Sea (5a)

Mediterranean Sea (5a)

Balkan Peninsula (5a)

Peloponnesus (5a)

Dardanelles (5a)

Athens (5a, c-f)

Sparta (5a, c-f)

Troy (5a)

Macedonia (5a, g)

Greece (5b,d,g)

Parthenon (5e,f)

Updated: May 17, 2018