Social Studies - 2019-20

WHI.5b - Ancient Greece Social and Religious Structures

The student will apply social science skills to understand ancient Greece in terms of its impact on Western civilization by

b) describing the social and religious structure of ancient Greece;

Adopted: 2015



Greek mythology was based on a polytheistic religion that was integral to culture, politics, and art in ancient Greece.

Many of Western civilization’s symbols, metaphors, words, and idealized images come from ancient Greek mythology.

Men, women, and slaves all had clearly defined roles in Greek society.


Greek mythology

 Based on polytheistic religion

 Offered explanations of natural phenomena, human qualities, and life events

Greek gods and goddesses

 Zeus, Hera, Apollo, Artemis, Athena, Aphrodite

 Symbols and images in Western literature, art, and architecture

Social structure

 Society was divided into free and enslaved populations.

 People became slaves by being captured as prisoners of war, born to enslaved parents, or by failing to repay their loans and debts.

 Enslaved people did not have power, political rights, or status.

 Most families owned slaves as household servants or laborers.



Classical Greek Era (5a-f)

Hellenic (5a)

Ethics (5a)

Rhetoric (5a)

acropolis (5a) 

Commerce (5a)

Terracing (5a)

Colonization (5a)

Greek mythology (5b)

Greek gods (5b)

Olympic Games (5b)

Civic (5c)

Monarchy (5c)

Aristocracy (5c)

Tyranny (5c)

Democracy (5c)

Oligarchy (5c)

Persian Wars (5d)

Marathon (5d)

Salamis (5d)

Peloponnesian Wars (5d)

Delian League (5d)

Peloponnesian League (5d)

Golden Age of Pericles (5e,f)

Doric (5f)

Ionian (5f)

Corinthian (5f)

Philosophy (5f)

Iliad (5e,f)

Odyssey (5e,f)

Hellenistic Age (5g)


Draco (5c)

Solon (5c)

Pericles (5e,f)

Aeschylus (5e,f)

Sophocles (5e,f)

Homer (5e,f)

Herodotus (5e,f)

Thucydides (5e,f)

Phidias (5e,f)

Archimedes (5e,f)

Hippocrates (5e,f)

Euclid (5e,f)

Pythagoras (5e,f)

Socrates (5e,f)

Plato (5e,f)

Aristotle (5e,f)

Philip II of Macedon (5g)

Alexander the Great (5g)


Aegean Sea (5a)

Black Sea (5a)

Mediterranean Sea (5a)

Balkan Peninsula (5a)

Peloponnesus (5a)

Dardanelles (5a)

Athens (5a, c-f)

Sparta (5a, c-f)

Troy (5a)

Macedonia (5a, g)

Greece (5b,d,g)

Parthenon (5e,f)

Updated: May 17, 2018