Social Studies - 2019-20
WHI.5a - Ancient Greece Geographic Features
The student will apply social science skills to understand ancient Greece in terms of its impact on Western civilization by
a) locating Greek civilizations in time and place and describing their major geographic features;
- How did civilizations gain, consolidate, maintain, and lose their power?
- Do the benefits of innovation outweigh the costs?
How do ideas and beliefs shape our lives and the world around us?
UNDERSTANDING THE STANDARD
The physical geography of the Aegean Basin shaped the economic, social, and political development of Greek civilization.
Classical Greek civilizations emerged after the river valley civilizations. Greece became the first major civilization of Europe.
Locations and places
Mediterranean Sea, Black Sea, Dardanelles
Balkan and Peloponnesus peninsula
Athens, Sparta, Troy
Major geographic features
Southeastern-most region on the European continent
Surrounded by water on three sides, with smaller peninsulas protruding from the mainland
Mountains served as natural barriers and boundaries and prevented large-scale farming
Deep bays and natural harbors along the coastlines
Classical Greek Era (5a-f)
Greek mythology (5b)
Greek gods (5b)
Olympic Games (5b)
Persian Wars (5d)
Peloponnesian Wars (5d)
Delian League (5d)
Peloponnesian League (5d)
Golden Age of Pericles (5e,f)
Hellenistic Age (5g)
Philip II of Macedon (5g)
Alexander the Great (5g)
Aegean Sea (5a)
Black Sea (5a)
Mediterranean Sea (5a)
Balkan Peninsula (5a)
Athens (5a, c-f)
Sparta (5a, c-f)
Macedonia (5a, g)