Social Studies - 2019-20

WHI.5a - Ancient Greece Geographic Features

The student will apply social science skills to understand ancient Greece in terms of its impact on Western civilization by

a) locating Greek civilizations in time and place and describing their major geographic features;


Adopted: 2015

BIG IDEAS

  • How did civilizations gain, consolidate, maintain, and lose their power?
  • Do the benefits of innovation outweigh the costs?
  • How do ideas and beliefs shape our lives and the world around us?


UNDERSTANDING THE STANDARD

The physical geography of the Aegean Basin shaped the economic, social, and political development of Greek civilization.

Classical Greek civilizations emerged after the river valley civilizations. Greece became the first major civilization of Europe.


ESSENTIALS

Locations and places

 Aegean Sea

 Mediterranean Sea, Black Sea, Dardanelles

 Balkan and Peloponnesus peninsula

 Asia Minor

 Athens, Sparta, Troy

 Macedonia


Major geographic features

 Southeastern-most region on the European continent

 Surrounded by water on three sides, with smaller peninsulas protruding from the mainland

 Mountains served as natural barriers and boundaries and prevented large-scale farming

 Deep bays and natural harbors along the coastlines

KEY VOCABULARY

Terms

Classical Greek Era (5a-f)

Hellenic (5a)

Ethics (5a)

Rhetoric (5a)

acropolis (5a) 

Commerce (5a)

Terracing (5a)

Colonization (5a)

Greek mythology (5b)

Greek gods (5b)

Olympic Games (5b)

Civic (5c)

Monarchy (5c)

Aristocracy (5c)

Tyranny (5c)

Democracy (5c)

Oligarchy (5c)

Persian Wars (5d)

Marathon (5d)

Salamis (5d)

Peloponnesian Wars (5d)

Delian League (5d)

Peloponnesian League (5d)

Golden Age of Pericles (5e,f)

Doric (5f)

Ionian (5f)

Corinthian (5f)

Philosophy (5f)

Iliad (5e,f)

Odyssey (5e,f)

Hellenistic Age (5g)

People

Draco (5c)

Solon (5c)

Pericles (5e,f)

Aeschylus (5e,f)

Sophocles (5e,f)

Homer (5e,f)

Herodotus (5e,f)

Thucydides (5e,f)

Phidias (5e,f)

Archimedes (5e,f)

Hippocrates (5e,f)

Euclid (5e,f)

Pythagoras (5e,f)

Socrates (5e,f)

Plato (5e,f)

Aristotle (5e,f)

Philip II of Macedon (5g)

Alexander the Great (5g)

Places

Aegean Sea (5a)

Black Sea (5a)

Mediterranean Sea (5a)

Balkan Peninsula (5a)

Peloponnesus (5a)

Dardanelles (5a)

Athens (5a, c-f)

Sparta (5a, c-f)

Troy (5a)

Macedonia (5a, g)

Greece (5b,d,g)

Parthenon (5e,f)

Updated: May 21, 2018