Social Studies - 2019-20

WHI.4d - Buddhism

The student will apply social science skills to understand the civilizations of Persia, India, and China in terms of chronology, geography, social structures, government, economy, religion, and contributions to later civilizations by

d) describing the origins, beliefs, traditions, customs, and spread of Buddhism;


Adopted: 2015

BIG IDEAS

  • How did civilizations gain, consolidate, maintain, and lose their power?
  • Do the benefits of innovation outweigh the costs?
  • How do ideas and beliefs shape our lives and the world around us?


UNDERSTANDING THE STANDARD

Buddhism was founded by Siddhartha Gautama in a part of India that is in present-day Nepal.

Buddhism was strengthened as a major faith when Asoka sent missionaries throughout Asia.


ESSENTIALS

Buddhism

 Founder: Siddhartha Gautama (Buddha)

 Four Noble Truths

 Eightfold Path to Enlightenment

Asoka’s missionaries and their writings spread Buddhism from India to China and other parts of Asia.


KEY VOCABULARY

Terms

Persian Empire (4a)

Zoroastrianism (4a)

Tolerance (4a)

Imperial Bureaucracy (4a)

Indigenous (4b)

Caste System (4b)

Mauryan Empire (4b)

Gupta Empire (4b)

Golden Age of Classical India (4b)

Hinduism (4c)

Vedas (4c)

Upanishads (4c)

Reincarnation (4c)

Karma (4c)

Buddhism (4d, e)

Four Noble Truths (4d)

Eightfold Path (4d)

Enlightenment (4d)

Isolation (4e)

Mandate of Heaven (4e)

Porcelain (4e)

Civil service system (4e)

Silk Road (4e)

Bureaucracy (4e)

Confucianism (4f)

Ancestor worship (4f)

Taoism (4f)

Humility (4f)

Yin/Yang (4f)

People

Indo-Aryans (4b)

Asoka (4b,d)

Siddhartha Gautama (4d)

Buddha (4d)

Qin Shi Huangdi (4e)

Places

Persia (4a)

India (4b-d)

Himalayas (4b)

Hindu Kush (4b)

Ganges River (4b)

Harrapa (4b)

Mohenjo Daro (4b)

Nepal (4d)

China (4d-e)

Great Wall of China (4e)

Updated: May 21, 2018