Social Studies - 2019-20
USII.9a - Civil Rights Movement
The student will apply social science skills to understand of the key domestic and international issues during the second half of the twentieth and early twenty-first centuries by
a) examining the impact of the Civil Rights Movement, the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), and the changing role of women on all Americans;
Racial, gender, and socioeconomic inequalities were addressed by individuals, groups, and organizations. Varying political philosophies prompted debates over the role of the federal government in regulating the economy and providing a social safety net.
Is there one American experience?
UNDERSTANDING THE STANDARD
The Civil Rights Movement of the twentieth century was committed to equal rights and fair treatment of African Americans, but it resulted in social, legal, political, and cultural changes that prohibited discrimination and segregation for all Americans.
Other activists were inspired by the achievements of the Civil Rights Movement and took action to gain equality.
Some effects of segregation
Separate educational facilities and resources
Separate public facilities (e.g., restrooms, drinking fountains, restaurants)
Civil Rights Movement
Opposition to Plessy v. Ferguson: “Separate but equal”
Brown v. Board of Education: Desegregation of schools
Martin Luther King, Jr.: Passive resistance against segregated facilities; “I have a dream…” speech
Rosa Parks: Montgomery bus boycott
Organized protests, Freedom Riders, sit-ins, marches, boycotts
Expansion of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP)
Civil Rights Act of 1964: Prohibited segregation in public places and banned employment discrimination based on race, color, religion, gender, or national origin
Voting Rights Act of 1965: Banned the use of literacy tests and provided for federal oversight of voter registration
Americans with Disabilities Act
The disability rights movement fought to right inequalities faced by people with disabilities.
The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) (1990) guarantees individuals with disabilities equal opportunities in employment, public accommodations, transportation, state and local government services, and telecommunications.
The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), formerly Public Law 94.142, is a federal law that entitles children and young adults access to a free and appropriate public education.
Changing role of women
o Discrimination in hiring practices
o Lower wages for women than for men doing the same job
o National Organization for Women (NOW)
o Federal legislation to force colleges to give women equal athletic opportunities (Title IX)
The proposed Equal Rights Amendment, despite its failure, and a focus on equal-opportunity employment created a wider range of options and advancement for women in business and public service.