Social Studies - 2019-20
USII.6c - Cultural Climate of the 1920's and 1930's
The student will apply social science skills to understand the social, economic, and technological changes of the early twentieth century by
c) examining art, literature, and music from the 1920's and 1930's, with emphasis on Langston Hughes, Duke Ellington, Georgia O’Keeffe, and the Harlem Renaissance;
The 1920s and 1930s were a time of cultural and economic changes in the nation. During this period, the nation faced significant domestic challenges, including the Great Depression.
To what extent does the American economy shape the American experience?
UNDERSTANDING THE STANDARD
The 1920s and 1930s were important decades for American art, literature, and music.
The leaders of the Harlem Renaissance drew upon the heritage of African American culture to establish themselves as powerful forces for cultural change.
Cultural climate of the 1920s and 1930s
Art: Georgia O’Keeffe, an artist known for urban scenes and, later, paintings of the Southwest
Literature: F. Scott Fitzgerald, a novelist who wrote about the Jazz Age of the 1920s; John Steinbeck, a novelist who portrayed the strength of poor migrant workers during the 1930s
Music: Aaron Copland and George Gershwin, composers who wrote uniquely American music
African American artists, writers, and musicians based in Harlem revealed the freshness and variety of African American culture:
Art: Jacob Lawrence, a painter who chronicled the experiences of the Great Migration through art
Literature: Langston Hughes, a poet who combined the experiences of African and American cultural roots
Music: Duke Ellington and Louis Armstrong, jazz musicians; Bessie Smith, a blues singer
The popularity of these artists spread beyond Harlem to the rest of society.