Social Studies - 2019-20

USII.6b - Prohibition & the Great Migration

The student will apply social science skills to understand the social, economic, and technological changes of the early twentieth century by

b) describing the social and economic changes that took place, including prohibition and the Great Migration north and west;

Adopted: 2015


The 1920s and 1930s were a time of cultural and economic changes in the nation. During this period, the nation faced significant domestic challenges, including the Great Depression.

To what extent does the American economy shape the American experience?


Reforms in the early twentieth century could not legislate how all people behaved.

Economic conditions and violence led to the migration of people.


Prohibition was imposed by a constitutional amendment (the 18th Amendment) that made it illegal to manufacture, transport, and sell alcoholic beverages.

Results of prohibition

 Speakeasies were created as places for people to drink alcoholic beverages.

 Bootleggers made and smuggled alcohol illegally.

 Prohibition was repealed by the 21st Amendment.

Great Migration north and west

 Jobs for African Americans in the South were scarce and low paying.

 African Americans faced discrimination and violence in the South.

 African Americans moved to cities in the North and Midwest in search of better employment opportunities.

 African Americans also experienced discrimination and violence in the North and Midwest.


Updated: Jul 02, 2019