Social Studies - 2019-20

USII.5a - Spanish American War

The student will apply social science skills to understand the changing role of the United States from the late nineteenth century through World War I by

a) explaining the reasons for and results of the Spanish-American War;

Adopted: 2015


Numerous factors contributed to the rise of the United States as a world power. Debates over the United States’ role in world affairs increased in response to overseas expansion and involvement in World War I.  United States participation in the war had important effects on American society. 

What forces shaped American foreign policy?

How did America change socially, politically, and economically in the early 1900's?


The United States emerged as a world power as a result of victory over Spain in the Spanish-American War.

Economic interests and public opinion often influence United States involvement in international affairs.


Reasons for the Spanish-American War

 Protection of American business interests in Cuba

 American support of Cuban rebels to gain independence from Spain

 Rising tensions between Spain and the United States as a result of the sinking of the USS Maine in Havana Harbor

 Exaggerated news reports of events (yellow journalism)

Results of the Spanish-American War

 The United States emerged as a world power.

 Cuba gained independence from Spain.

 The United States gained possession of the Philippines, Guam, and Puerto Rico.


Updated: Jul 12, 2019