Social Studies - 2019-20
USII.4e - Progressive Movement
The student will apply social science skills to understand how life changed after the Civil War by
e) evaluating and explaining the impact of the Progressive Movement on child labor, working conditions, the rise of organized labor, women’s suffrage, and the temperance movement.
The United States was transformed from an agrarian to an increasingly industrial and urbanized society. Although this transformation created new economic opportunities, it also created societal problems that were addressed by a variety of reform efforts.
Is there one American experience?
To what extent does the American economy shape the American experience?
How do people affect change?
UNDERSTANDING THE STANDARD
The effects of industrialization and the Progressive Movement led to reforms.
Negative effects of industrialization
Low wages, long hours
Unsafe working conditions
Impact on the environment
Triangle Shirtwaist Factory fire
Rise of organized labor
Formation of unions; growth of American Federation of Labor
Strikes (Homestead Strike, Pullman Strike)
Progressive Movement workplace reforms
Improved safety conditions
Reduced work hours
Placed restrictions on child labor
Women’s suffrage movement
Susan B. Anthony, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Alice Paul, and Lucy Burns worked for women’s suffrage.
The movement led to increased educational opportunities for women.
Women gained the right to vote with passage of the 19th Amendment to the Constitution of the United States.
Composed of groups opposed to the making and consuming of alcohol
Supported legislation to ban alcohol (18th Amendment)