Social Studies - 2019-20

USII.4e - Progressive Movement

The student will apply social science skills to understand how life changed after the Civil War by

e) evaluating and explaining the impact of the Progressive Movement on child labor, working conditions, the rise of organized labor, women’s suffrage, and the temperance movement.


Adopted: 2015

BIG IDEAS

The United States was transformed from an agrarian to an increasingly industrial and urbanized society.  Although this transformation created new economic opportunities, it also created societal problems that were addressed by a variety of reform efforts.

Is there one American experience?

To what extent does the American economy shape the American experience?

How do people affect change?


UNDERSTANDING THE STANDARD

The effects of industrialization and the Progressive Movement led to reforms.

ESSENTIALS

Negative effects of industrialization

 Child labor

 Low wages, long hours

 Unsafe working conditions

 Impact on the environment

 Monopolies

 Triangle Shirtwaist Factory fire


Rise of organized labor

 Formation of unions; growth of American Federation of Labor

 Strikes (Homestead Strike, Pullman Strike)


Progressive Movement workplace reforms

 Improved safety conditions

 Reduced work hours

 Placed restrictions on child labor


Women’s suffrage movement

 Susan B. Anthony, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Alice Paul, and Lucy Burns worked for women’s suffrage.

 The movement led to increased educational opportunities for women.

 Women gained the right to vote with passage of the 19th Amendment to the Constitution of the United States.


Temperance movement

 Composed of groups opposed to the making and consuming of alcohol

 Supported legislation to ban alcohol (18th Amendment)


KEY VOCABULARY

Updated: Jul 12, 2019