Social Studies - 2019-20

USII.4c - Jim Crow Era

The student will apply social science skills to understand how life changed after the Civil War by

c) describing racial segregation, the rise of “Jim Crow,” and other constraints faced by African Americans and other groups in the post-Reconstruction South;

Adopted: 2015



Discrimination against African Americans and minority groups continued after Reconstruction.

“Jim Crow” laws institutionalized a system of legal segregation.

African Americans differed in their responses to discrimination and “Jim Crow.”


Racial segregation

 Based upon race

 Directed primarily against African Americans, but other groups also were kept segregated

 Chinese Exclusion Act (1882) provided an absolute 10-year moratorium (halt) on Chinese labor immigration

 American Indians were not considered citizens until 1924

“Jim Crow” laws

 Passed to discriminate against African Americans

 Made discrimination practices legal in many communities and states

 Were characterized by unequal opportunities in housing, work, education, and government

 Upheld by the Supreme Court in Plessy v. Ferguson

African American responses

 Booker T. Washington: Believed equality could be achieved through vocational education; accepted social segregation

 W.E.B. DuBois: Believed in full political, civil, and social rights for African Americans and founded the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) along with Ida B. Wells-Barnett


Updated: Jul 12, 2019