Social Studies - 2019-20

USII.3a - Reconstruction Amendments

The student will apply social science skills to understand the effects of Reconstruction on American life by

a) analyzing the impact of the 13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments to the Constitution of the United States and how they changed the meaning of citizenship;


Adopted: 2015

BIG IDEAS

Following the U.S. Civil War, the United States entered a period of Reconstruction. Federal policies revolving around economic and political reform resulted in expansion of the economy, as well as an expansion of constitutional rights.  However, those rights were undermined, and issues of inequality continued for African Americans, women, Native Americans, Mexican Americans, and Chinese immigrants. 

Is there one American experience?

UNDERSTANDING THE STANDARD

The 13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments to the Constitution of the United States address the issues of slavery and guarantee equal protection under the law for all citizens.

ESSENTIALS

Basic provisions of the amendments

 The 13th Amendment bans slavery in the United States and all of its territories.

 The 14th Amendment grants citizenship to all persons born in the United States and guarantees them equal protection under the law.

 The 15th Amendment ensures all citizens the right to vote regardless of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.

Although these three amendments guarantee equal protection under the law for all citizens, American Indians and women did not receive the full benefits of citizenship until later.


KEY VOCABULARY

Updated: Jul 02, 2019