Social Studies - 2019-20

USII.2b - Industrial Development after 1865

The student will use maps, globes, photographs, pictures, or tables for

b) explaining relationships among natural resources, transportation, and industrial development after 1865;

Adopted: 2015


The United States was transformed from an agrarian to an increasingly industrial and urbanized society.  Although this transformation created new economic opportunities, it also created societal problems that were addressed by a variety of reform efforts.

Is there one American experience?

To what extent does the American economy shape the American experience?

How do people affect change?


Advances in transportation linked resources, products, and markets.

Manufacturing areas were clustered near centers of population.


Transportation resources

 Moving natural resources to eastern factories (e.g., iron ore to steel mills)

 Transporting finished products to national markets

 Locating factories near rivers and railroads to move resources and finished goods to markets

Examples of manufacturing areas

 Textile industry: New England

 Automobile industry: Detroit

 Steel industry: Pittsburgh

 Meatpacking industry: Chicago


Updated: Jul 13, 2019