Social Studies - 2019-20

GOVT.11c - Supreme Court Protections of the Bill of Rights

The student will apply social science skills to understand civil liberties and civil rights by 

c) explaining how the Supreme Court has applied most of the protections of the Bill of Rights to the states through a process of selective incorporation; 

Adopted: 2015


Big Themes/Concepts: Change, Rights & Responsibilities

How has the Constitution lasted through changing times?

How can the judiciary balance individual rights with the common good?

Why are there ongoing struggles for civil rights?


The selective incorporation of the Bill of Rights through the Fourteenth Amendment (due process clause) greatly enhances the protection of civil rights. 


Beginning in the twentieth century, the Supreme Court used the Fourteenth Amendment (due process clause) to limit state actions, just as the Bill of Rights limits the national government. 

The Supreme Court has incorporated in the due process clause all of the provisions of the Bill of Rights except those of the Third, Seventh, and Tenth Amendments and the grand jury requirement of the Fifth Amendment.


Updated: Jul 11, 2017