Social Studies - 2019-20
GOVT.8a - Powers of the State and Local Governments
The student will apply social science skills to understand the organization and powers of the state and local governments described in the Constitution of Virginia by
a) examining the legislative, executive, and judicial branches;
Big Themes/Concepts: Power & Authority, Balance
What is the right balance of local, State, and federal government?
How much power should State government have?
How local should government be?
UNDERSTANDING THE STANDARD
The Constitution of Virginia provides for legislative, executive, and judicial branches.
Actions taken by state and local
governments have direct impact on the
everyday lives of Virginians.
Branches of Virginia government
The executive branch consists of three statewide-elected officials:
o is the chief executive officer of the state
o is responsible for
overseeing the state bureaucracy
preparing the biennial state budget
overseeing the execution of state laws and policies
appointing cabinet secretaries, the heads of various state agencies, and the members of policy-setting boards and commissions
o exercises veto power
o serves a four-year term but may not serve two consecutive terms.
The lieutenant governor o presides over the Virginia Senate
o exercises the powers of the governor if the governor is incapacitated temporarily
o serves the governor's unexpired term if the governor dies or otherwise can no longer fulfill the duties of the office.
The attorney general o serves the main function of being lawyer for the state
o issues nonbinding advisory opinions on legal issues
o defends the state in legal matters.
o The Senate consists of 40 members who
o The House of Delegates consists of 100 members who