Social Studies - 2019-20
GOVT.7a - Powers of the National Government
The student will apply social science skills to understand the organization and powers of the national government by
a) examining the legislative, executive, and judicial branches;
Big Themes/Concepts: Systems, Limited Government, Governmental Systems, Power & Authority, Order vs. Chaos
|Legislative Essential Questions||Executive Essential Questions||Judicial Essential Questions|
What makes a successful Congress?
Whose views should members of Congress represent when voting?
What should be limits on the powers of Congress?
Can and should the lawmaking process be improved?
What makes a good President?
Does the current electoral process result in the best candidates for President?
How much power should the President have?
Is the bureaucracy essential to good government?
How should the federal budget reflect Americans' priorities?
How should the United States interact with other countries?
How can the judiciary balance individual rights with the common good?
What should be the role of the judicial branch?
Does the structure of federal court system allow to administer justice effectively?
To what extent has the judiciary protected the rights of privacy, security, and personal freedom?
Why are there ongoing struggles for civil rights?
UNDERSTANDING THE STANDARD
The legislative branch of the national government is a bicameral body with committees playing a major role in the legislative process.
The Constitution of the United States grants both expressed and implied powers to the legislative branch.
The executive branch consists of the president, vice president, and the federal bureaucracy.
The organization and powers of the
judicial branch are derived from the
Constitution of the United States and
The two houses of Congress
The Senate: 100 members, with each state having two senators
The House of Representatives: 435 members, with each state’s representation based on its population
Committees are organized by subject matter.
Because of the large volume of work, committees are essential to the legislative process.
Expressed powers of Congress
Establish Post Offices
Implied powers of Congress allow it to do all things “necessary and proper” to carry out its expressed powers.
The executive branch is headed by the president and vice president, who are supported by the Executive Office, the Cabinet, and the federal bureaucracy
Responsibilities of the president
Overseeing the various parts of the executive branch
Issuing executive orders
Appointing and removing officials
Making treaties and executive agreements
Commanding the military United States court system
United States Court of Appeals
United States District Court