Social Studies - 2019-20

WG.10 c - Economic Characteristics of North Africa and Southwest Asia

The student will analyze the characteristics of the North African and Southwest Asian regions by 

c) explaining important economic characteristics; 

Adopted: 2015

BIG IDEAS

UNDERSTANDING THE STANDARD

Most of the economies in North Africa and Southwest Asia are dominated by the petroleum industry.

ESSENTIALS

Economic characteristics 

  • Heavy reliance on primary economic activity (oil drilling, agriculture, pastoralism) 
  • Major producer of the world’s oil 
  • Oil revenues: Positive and negative effects 
  • Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) 
  • Water: The region’s most precious resource 
  • Great variation in standard of living, ranging from very high to poverty-stricken 
  • Regional conflicts; political unrest that affects tourism 
  • Aswan High Dam: Positive and negative effects 
  • Suez Canal: Enhanced shipping routes in the region 
  • Guest workers 
  • Wide range of per capita incomes and levels of development 
  • Contemporary trade routes (sea lanes)
  • Trade important to region from earliest time 

KEY VOCABULARY

Updated: Jun 13, 2018