Social Studies - 2019-20

WG.9 c - Economic Characteristics of Sub-Saharan Africa

The student will analyze the characteristics of the Sub-Saharan African region by 

c) explaining important economic characteristics; 

Adopted: 2015

BIG IDEAS

UNDERSTANDING THE STANDARD

The limited economic development of the Sub-Saharan economy can be traced to many historical factors. Colonial governments, for example, structured many national economies to become mineral or commodity exporters. 

These economies are dependent on imports for equipment, capital goods, consumer goods, and technology.

ESSENTIALS

Economic characteristics 

  • Large percentage of population engaged in agriculture (primary activity) 
  • Subsistence agriculture 
  • Nomadic herding 
  • Slash-and-burn agriculture 
  • Plantation agriculture 
  • Cash crops and food crops 
  • Poorly developed infrastructure 
  • Substantial mineral wealth (diamonds, gold, and other metals) 
  • Major exporters of raw materials 
  • Wide range of per capita incomes 
  • Productivity that lags behind population growth

KEY VOCABULARY

Updated: Jun 13, 2018