Social Studies - 2019-20
WG.2 a - Regional Climatic Patterns and Weather Phenomena
The student will analyze how physical and ecological processes shape Earth’s surface by
a) explaining regional climatic patterns and weather phenomena and their effects on people and places;
Theme- Environment & Interaction
What makes up the Earth's environment?
How do humans affect their environment?
How does technology help humans adapt to their environment?
Seasons and weather occur because of the changing position of the earth in relation to the sun.
Weather extremes are related to location on earth.
UNDERSTANDING THE STANDARD
Climate is defined by certain characteristics.
Climate patterns result from the interplay of common elements.
Climatic regions have distinctive vegetation.
Certain weather phenomena are unique to specific regions.
Climate and weather phenomena affect
how people live in different regions.
- Seasons (hot/cold, wet/dry)
- Influence of latitude
- Influence of winds
- Influence of elevation
- Proximity to water
- Influence of ocean currents
World climatic regions
- Low latitudes (e.g., tropical wet, tropical wet and dry, arid, semiarid, highland)
- Middle latitudes (e.g., semiarid, arid, humid continental)
- High latitudes (e.g., subarctic, tundra, icecap)
- Rain forest
- Middle-latitude forest
- Monsoons: South and Southeast Asia
- Typhoons: Western Pacific Ocean
- Hurricanes: Atlantic Ocean and Eastern Pacific Ocean
- Tornadoes: United States
- natural hazards.
Ring of Fire