Social Studies - 2019-20

WG.2 a - Regional Climatic Patterns and Weather Phenomena

The student will analyze how physical and ecological processes shape Earth’s surface by 

a) explaining regional climatic patterns and weather phenomena and their effects on people and places; 

Adopted: 2015

BIG IDEAS

Theme- Environment & Interaction

What makes up the Earth's environment?

How do humans affect their environment?

How does technology help humans adapt to their environment?

Seasons and weather occur because of the changing position of the earth in relation to the sun. 

Weather extremes are related to location on earth. 


UNDERSTANDING THE STANDARD

Climate is defined by certain characteristics. 

Climate patterns result from the interplay of common elements. 

Climatic regions have distinctive vegetation. 

Certain weather phenomena are unique to specific regions. 

Climate and weather phenomena affect how people live in different regions. 

ESSENTIALS

Climatic characteristics 

  • Temperature 
  • Precipitation 
  • Seasons (hot/cold, wet/dry) 

Climatic elements 

  • Influence of latitude 
  • Influence of winds 
  • Influence of elevation 
  • Proximity to water 
  • Influence of ocean currents 

World climatic regions 

  • Low latitudes (e.g., tropical wet, tropical wet and dry, arid, semiarid, highland) 
  • Middle latitudes (e.g., semiarid, arid, humid continental) 
  • High latitudes (e.g., subarctic, tundra, icecap) 

Vegetation regions 

  • Rain forest 
  • Savanna
  • Desert 
  • Steppe 
  • Middle-latitude forest 
  • Taiga 
  • Tundra
Weather phenomena 

  • Monsoons: South and Southeast Asia 
  • Typhoons: Western Pacific Ocean 
  • Hurricanes: Atlantic Ocean and Eastern Pacific Ocean 
  • Tornadoes: United States 
Climate has an effect on 

  • crops 
  • clothing 
  • housing 
  • natural hazards.

KEY VOCABULARY

Equator

Prime Meridian

GIS

GPS

Cartographer

Map projection

Globe

Map

Cartogram

Thematic Map

Political Map

Physical Map

Mental Map

Legend

Latitude/Parallel

Longitude/Meridian

Cardinal Direction

Intermediate Direction

Compass Rose

Tectonic Plates

Earthquake

Seismograph

Epicenter

Richter Scale

Tsunami

Volcano

Ring of Fire

Weathering

Sediment

Glacier

Weather

Climate

Precipitation

Rain Shadow

Hurricane

Typhoon

Tornado

Tundra

Permafrost

Deciduous

Coniferous

Savanna

Taiga

Steppe

Rainforest


Updated: Jun 13, 2018