Social Studies - 2019-20
GOVT.6b - Nomination and Election Process
The student will apply social science skills to understand local, state, and national elections by
b) examining campaign funding and spending, including the impact of Supreme Court decisions, the nationalization of campaign financing, and
the role of issue groups;
Big Themes/Concepts: Democracy, Politics, Political Systems
The strength of a democracy is equal to the strength of its citizens.
Political parties are designed to connect people to the government and preserve the sovereignty of citizens in a democracy.
How fair and effective is the electoral process?
In what ways should people participate in public affairs?
Does the two-party system help or harm democracy?
UNDERSTANDING THE STANDARD
Candidates must appeal to an increasing number of independent voters to win elections.
Campaigning for political office is
expensive. Recent laws and Supreme
Court decisions have attempted to
influence campaign financing.
Laws limit the amount individuals and groups may contribute to federal, state, and local candidates.
The Federal Election Campaign Act
Provides for a system of financing based on three principles:
Legalized the creation of Political Action Committees (PACs)
o Public funding of presidential elections
o Limitations on the amounts presidential and congressional candidates may receive from contributors
o Public disclosure of the amounts candidates spend to get elected