Social Studies - 2019-20
GOVT.4a - Ratification Debates and "The Federalist"
The student will apply social science skills to understand the Constitution of the United States by
a) examining the ratification debates and The Federalist;
Big Themes/Concepts: Compromise, Power, Unity vs. Division
UNDERSTANDING THE STANDARD
The debates over ratification of the
Constitution of the United States
focused on powers given to the national
government and the protection of
• Nine of thirteen states were needed to ratify the Constitution.
• Anti-Federalist position – Suspicious of a strong central government – Wanted Bill of Rights to protect personal liberties
• Federalist position – Believed that a strong central government was the best way to protect freedom The
Federalist (later known as The Federalist Papers) was a series of essays
supporting adoption of the Constitution
of the United States.