Social Studies - 2019-20
GOVT.2c - the writings of Hobbes, Locke, and Montesquieu
The student will apply social science skills to understand the political philosophies that shaped the development of Virginia and United States constitutional government by
c) evaluating the writings of Hobbes, Locke, and Montesquieu
Big Themes/Concepts: Origins, Power & Authority
How does a country's political origins impact how it operates today?
How does the Constitution reflect the times in which it was written?
UNDERSTANDING THE STANDARD
Principles of government and law
developed by leading European political
thinkers Thomas Hobbes, John Locke,
and Montesquieu may be found in the
Constitution of Virginia, the Declaration
of Independence, and the Constitution
of the United States.
Fundamental political principles:
- Limited government: John Locke (Constitution of Virginia, Constitution of the United States, Declaration of Independence)
- Government’s authority coming only from the consent of the governed: Thomas Hobbes, John Locke (Declaration of Independence, Constitution of the United States)
- Separation of powers: Montesquieu (Constitution of the United States, Constitution of Virginia)