Science - 2018-19

CH.6 b - Uses of Organic Compounds

The student will investigate and understand how basic chemical properties relate to organic chemistry and biochemistry. Key concepts include:
b) uses in pharmaceuticals and genetics, petrochemicals, plastics and food.

Bloom's Levels:  Analyze; Understand

Adopted: 2010

BIG IDEAS

  • Organic compounds contain carbon, which can bond to itself and form long chains.
  • Organic compounds are present in all living things.

  • I can treat a cold or other illness with the right medicine

UNDERSTANDING THE STANDARD

  • Petrochemicals contain hydrocarbons, including propane, butane, and octane. 
  • There is a close relationship between the properties and structure of organic molecules.
  • Common pharmaceuticals that are organic compounds include aspirin, vitamins, and insulin.
  • Small molecules link to make large molecules called polymers that have combinations with repetitive subunits. Natual polymers include proteins and nucleic acids. Human-made (synthetic) polymers include polythene, nylon, and Kevlar.

ESSENTIALS

In order to meet this standard, it is expected that students will

b)  recognize that organic compounds play a role in natural and synthetic pharmaceuticals.

     recognize that nucleic acids and proteins are important natural polymers.

     recognize that plastics formed from petrochemicals are organic compounds that consist of long chains of carbons.

     conduct a lab that exemplifies the versatility and importance of organic compounds (e.g., aspirin, an ester, a polymer).


KEY VOCABULARY

aqueous solution, chemical equation, chemical reaction, coefficient, combustion reaction, complete ionic equation, decomposition reaction, double replacement reaction, net ionic equation, precipitate, product, reactant, single-relacement reaction, solute, solvent, spectator ion, synthesis reaction

Updated: Nov 19, 2017