Science - 2018-19
6.1 - Science Investigation & Measurement
The student will demonstrate an understanding of scientific reasoning, logic, and the nature of science by planning and conducting investigations in which
a) observations are made involving fine discrimination between similar objects and organisms;
b) precise and approximate measurements are recorded;
c) scale models are used to estimate distance, volume, and quantity;
d) hypotheses are stated in ways that identify the independent and dependent variables;
e) a method is devised to test the validity of predictions and inferences;
f) one variable is manipulated over time, using many repeated trials;
g) data are collected, recorded, analyzed, and reported using metric measurements and tools;
h) data are analyzed and communicated through graphical representation;
i) models and simulations are designed and used to illustrate and explain phenomena and systems; and
j) current applications are used to reinforce science concepts.
Bloom's Level: Apply
- Science strives to answer questions about the world around us through systematic observation and measurement.
- I can determine which plants are poisonous is nature.
- I can track my spending over a month.
- I can draw a map of my neighborhood so that my friends can come over.
- I can predict how the amount of sleep I get impacts how well I do in school.
- I can test if more sleep helps me do better in school.
- I can verify my results again and again to be sure that I am correct in my findings.
- I can compare the speed limits in the United States to those of countries in Europe.
- I can show how my video game scores have changed over time.
- I can show how the parts of a plant or other small objects in a way that I can see without a microscope.
- I can use science to solve problems I encounter daily.
UNDERSTANDING THE STANDARD
The concepts developed in
this standard include the following:
- The nature of
science refers to the foundational concepts that govern the way scientists
formulate explanations about the natural world. The nature of science includes
the following concepts
- the natural world is understandable;
- science is based on evidence, both
observational and experimental;
- science is a blend of logic and
- scientific ideas are durable yet subject
to change as new data are collected;
- science is a complex social endeavor; and
- scientists try to
remain objective and engage in peer review to help avoid bias.
In order to meet this standard, it is expected that students will
a) make observations that can be used to discriminate similar objects and organisms, paying attention to fine detail.
b) make precise and consistent measurements and estimations.
c) create approximate scale models to demonstrate an understanding of distance, volume, and quantity.
d) differentiate between independent and dependent variables in a hypothesis.
e) propose hypotheses or predictions from observed patterns.
analyze and judge the evidence, observations, scientific principles, and data used in making predictions and inferences.
f) design an experiment in which one variable is manipulated over many trials.
g) collect, record, analyze, and report data, using metric terminology and tools.
h) analyze and communicate data, using graphs (bar, line, and circle), charts, and diagrams.
i) design a model that explains a sequence, for example, the sequence of events involved in the formation of a cloud.
j) make connections between the components of the nature of science and their investigations and the greater body of scientific knowledge and research.
compare and contrast predictions and inferences.
experiment, hypothesis, prediction, inference, independent variable, dependent variable, purpose, conclusion, dichotomous key, triple beam balance, graduated cylinder