Social Studies - 2018-19
USI.4a - European Exploration
The student will apply social science skills to understand European exploration in North America and West Africa by
a) describing the motivations for, obstacles to, and accomplishments of the Spanish, French, Portuguese, and English explorations;
Blooms Level: Remember
Big Themes/Concepts: Exploration, Conquest, Patterns, Resources, Scarcity, Exchange, Competition, Supply & Demand, Power
Religion impacts people’s actions and attitudes.
The arrival of new cultures impacts existing cultures.
European countries had many reasons to send explorers to new lands.
Explorers changed Europeans’ views of the world.
Trade, cultural exchanges, and conflict can result when explorers reach new lands.
The Age of Exploration had positive and negative effects on Europeans and on native peoples.
Exploration has had a profound effect on world history.
Events in history can be looked at from multiple perspectives.
UNDERSTANDING THE STANDARD
Major European countries were in competition to
extend their power into North America and
claim the land as their own.
What happens culturally and socially when different groups meet for the first time?
Why did European countries compete for power in North America?
What were the obstacles faced by the explorers?
What were the accomplishments of the explorations?
What regions of North America were explored and settled by France, England, and Spain?What regions were explored by Portugal?
Motivations for the explorations
natural resources, and trade
- Competitions for empire and belief in
superiority of own culture
Obstacles to the explorations
- Poor maps and navigational tools
- Disease and starvation
- Fear of the unknown
- Lack of adequate supplies
Accomplishments of the explorations
- Exchanged goods and ideas
- Improved navigational tools and ships
- Claimed territories (see countries below)
Identify and interpret primary and secondary source documents to increase understanding of events and life in United States history. (USI.1a)
Interpret ideas and events from different historical perspectives. (USI.1d)Analyze and interpret maps to explain relationships among landforms, water features, climatic characteristics, and historical events. (USI.1f)
West Africa, motivations, obstacles, accomplishments, Spain, France, Portugal, England, explorer, empire, navigation, territories, Francisco Coronado, Samuel De Champlain, Quebec, Robert La Salle, Mississippi River Valley, John Cabot, Canada, American Indians, New World, trading post, Christian religion, farm tools, West Africa, Ghana, Mali, Songhai, Sahara desert, Niger River, Portugal