Social Studies - 2018-19

USI.3b - American Indians Locations

The student will apply social science skills to understand how early cultures developed in North America by 

b) locating where the American Indians lived, with emphasis on the Arctic (Inuit), Northwest (Kwakiutl), Plains (Lakota), Southwest (Pueblo), and Eastern Woodlands (Iroquois);

Blooms Level: Remember

Adopted: 2015


Big Themes/Concepts: Identity, Location, Region, Human-Environment Interaction, Adaptations, Resources, Climate, Culture, Migration, Scarcity

Where I live influences how I live. 

The search for resources can cause groups of people to move. 

American Indians adapted to their geography and climate by using the natural resources in their environment

Geography influences the movement and interaction of different cultural groups. 

The natural resources of a region affect the types of food, clothing, shelter, transportation, and tools that people create. 

All cultures are unique; cultures share similarities and differences. 

Native Americans established successful cultures in North America. 

Relations between cultures can mean both conflict and cooperation.


Prior to the arrival of Europeans, American Indians were dispersed across the different environments in North America.

How is your life and culture shaped by the geography in which you live?

In which areas did the American Indians live?

Where do American Indians live today?

Why did people first migrate to the Americas? 
How did Native Americans adapt to their environments? 
Why did Native American cultures differ across North America? 
What are similarities and differences in the ways groups of Native Americans met their needs? 
How did environments influence the items Native Americans created? 
What characteristics are often unique to a group’s identity? 
What do stories, legends, and art tell about the culture of the Native Americans who created them? 
How did Native Americans interact with Europeans who arrived? 
What were causes of conflict between Native American groups and other settlers? 
How have Native Americans affected the history of the United States? 
How did the way of life of Native Americans change over time?
How are Native American traditions kept alive?


American Indians lived in all areas of North America.

  • Inuit inhabited present-day Alaska and northern Canada. They lived in Arctic areas where the temperature is below freezing much of the year.
  • Kwakiutl homeland includes the Pacific Northwest coast, characterized by a rainy, mild climate.
  • Lakota people inhabited the interior of the United States, called the Great Plains, which is characterized by dry grasslands.
  • Pueblo tribes inhabited the Southwest in present-day New Mexico and Arizona, where they lived in desert areas and areas bordering cliffs and mountains.
  • Iroquois homeland includes northeast North America, called the Eastern Woodlands, which is heavily forested.

Members of these tribes live in their homelands and in many other areas of North America today.


Updated: May 16, 2018