Social Studies - 2018-19

USI.3a - Archaeology and Cactus Hill

The student will apply social science skills to understand how early cultures developed in North America by 

a) describing how archaeologists have recovered material evidence of ancient settlements, including Cactus Hill in Virginia;

Blooms Level: Remember

Adopted: 2015


Artifacts are material evidence that help us tell a story of the past. 

People have personal and family artifacts that tell stories of their heritage. 

Big Themes/Concepts: Time, Place, Location, Era, Civilization, Culture, Adaptation


Archaeology is the recovery of material evidence remaining from the past.

Archaeological discoveries of early Indian settlements have been made in southeastern Virginia.

How is your life and culture shaped by the geography in which you live?

Why is archaeology important?

Where is one of the oldest archeological sites in the United States located?


Archaeologists study human behavior and cultures of the past through the recovery and analysis of artifacts.

Scientists are not in agreement about when and how people first arrived in the Western Hemisphere.

Cactus Hill is located on the Nottoway River in southeastern Virginia. Evidence that humans lived at Cactus Hill as early as 18,000 years ago makes it one of the oldest archaeological sites in North America.

Make connections between the past and the present. (USI.1b)

Sequence events in United States history. (USI.1c)

Interpret ideas and events from different historical perspectives. (USI.1d)


Updated: May 16, 2018