Science - 2018-19
4.9 - Virginia Natural Resources
The student will investigate and understand important Virginia natural resources. Key concepts include
a) watersheds and water resources;
- compare and contrast
natural and human-made resources Bloom's Level: Analyze
- distinguish among rivers, lakes, and bays Bloom's Level: Analyze
- describe characteristics of rivers, lakes, and bays Bloom's Level: Understand
- name an example of rivers, lakes and bays found in Virginia Bloom's Level: Knowledge
- create and interpret
a model of a watershed Bloom's Level: Create/ Apply
- evaluate the statement, "We all live downstream. Bloom's Level: Evaluate
- identify watershed addresses Bloom's Level: Knowledge
b) animals and plants;
c) minerals, rocks, ores, and energy sources; and
- recognize the importance of Virginia's mineral resources, including coal, limestone, granite, sand and gravel Bloom's Level: Understand
d) forests, soil, and land.
- appraise the importance of natural and cultivated forests in Virginia Bloom's Level: Analyze
- describe a variety of soil and land uses important in Virginia Bloom's Level: Understand
Virginia has a wide variety of natural resources.
UNDERSTANDING THE STANDARD
- Virginia is rich
in a wide variety of natural resources, including forests, arable (farmable)
land, coal, sand and aggregates (rocks), wildlife and aquatic organisms, clean
water and air, and beautiful scenery.
- A watershed is an
area over which surface water (and the materials it carries) flows to a single
collection place. The Chesapeake Bay watershed covers approximately half of
Virginia’s land area. The other two major watershed systems are the Gulf of
Mexico and the North Carolina Sounds.
- Virginia’s water
resources include groundwater, lakes, reservoirs, rivers, bays, and the
- Virginia has a
great variety of plant and animal resources.
- Natural and
cultivated forests are a widespread resource in Virginia.
- Virginia’s soil
and land support a great variety of life, provide space for many economic
activities, and offer a variety of recreational opportunities.
· How do water-related resources in Virginia impact everyday living?
· How do you think mineral and geographical resources have influenced Virginia's development?
· How are Virginia's plant and animal resources unique?
In order to meet this standard, it is expected that students will
- compare and
contrast natural and human-made resources.
- distinguish among
rivers, lakes, and bays; describe characteristics of each; and name an example
of each in Virginia.
- create and
interpret a model of a watershed. Evaluate the statement: “We all live
- recognize the
importance of Virginia’s mineral resources, including coal, limestone, granite,
and sand and gravel.
- appraise the
importance of natural and cultivated forests in Virginia.
- describe a variety of soil and land uses important
aggregates - rocks
animal resources - deer, fish, oysters, rabbits etc. are a few of the animal resources found in VA.
aquatic organisms - living things found in water
arable land - land that can be farmed
bay - a large body of water that is surrounded by land on three sides
coal - a fossil fuel, made from swamp plants that lived around 300 million years ago; mineral resource found in VA
forest (natural & cultivated) - some occur in nature (naturally) and others are planted by people (cultivated)
geographical resource - land resources which include the soil and land used for farming, mining and fishing
granite - igneous rock which is a mineral resource found in VA; used for building floors, monuments and kitchen countertops
gravel - an assortment of different rocks that have been broken down into ver small pieces; it is a mineral resource
groundwater - the water beneath the surface of the ground; consists mostly of water that has seeped down
lakes - a body of fresh or salt water surrounded by land
limestone - a sedimentary rock which is a mineral resource found in VA; crushed it is used for the construction of asphalt roads or ground up to make cement
mineral resource - substances that occur naturally in the Earth's crust; can be metallic like gold, silver and copper or nonmetallic, like granite, limestone, and sand
natural resource - things found in nature that can be used by people to satisfy life's needs; water, air, plants, animals, soil, rocks and fossil fuels are examples
reservoir - a large man-made lake where water is collected and stored
rivers - long ribbon-like waterways that usually flow toward an ocean, lake, bay or other river
sand - when melted at very high heat, quartz sand turns into a liquid that makes glass, and ceramics; also used in construction
water-related resources - groundwater, lakes, rivers, reservoirs, bays and the Atlantic Ocean are considered water resources in VA
watershed - an area of land where all the water above and below ground flows to the same place