Science - 2018-19

2.6 - Weather

The student will investigate and understand basic types, changes, and patterns of weather. Key concepts include

a)  identification of common storms and other weather phenomena;

  • observe and record daily weather conditions, such as sunny, cloudy, windy, rainy, or snowy. Bloom's Level: Understand / Apply
  • describe weather in terms of temperature, wind, and precipitation. Bloom's Level: Understand 
  • observe and describe precipitation in terms of evaporation and condensation of water.  Bloom's Level: Understand / Apply
  • observe and describe types of precipitation, including rain, snow, and ice (sleet and hail). Bloom's Level: Understand
  • identify common types of storms. Examples include hurricanes, tornadoes, blizzards, and thunderstorms.Bloom's Level: Understand 
  • compare and contrast droughts and floods Bloom's Level: Analyze

b)  the uses and importance of measuring, recording, and interpreting weather data; and

  • record and interpret daily temperature, using a graph with numbered axes. Bloom's Level: Understand / Analyze
  • measure and record weather data, using weather instruments, including a thermometer, rain gauge, and weather vane (standard English and metric measures). Bloom's Level: Understand / Apply
  • evaluate the influence of daily weather conditions on personal activities and dress. Bloom's Level: Evaluate / Analyze

c)  the uses and importance of tracking weather data over time.

  • observe and describe seasonal weather patterns and local variations. Bloom's Level: Understand
  • describe how tracking weather data over time helps scientists make future weather predictions.  Bloom's Level: Understand / Analyze

Adopted: 2010

BIG IDEAS

Weather has patterns that can be observed.


UNDERSTANDING THE STANDARD

  • Earth’s weather changes continuously from day to day.
  • Changes in the weather are characterized by daily differences in wind, temperature, and precipitation.
  • Precipitation occurs when water, previously evaporated, condenses out of the air and changes its phase from a gas to a liquid (rain) or to a solid (snow or sleet).
  • Extremes in the weather, such as too little or too much precipitation, can result in droughts or floods.
  • Storms have powerful winds, which may be accompanied by rain, snow, or other kinds of precipitation.
  • Weather data are collected and recorded using instruments. This information is very useful for predicting weather and determining weather patterns.
  • Weather influences human activity.
  • Scientists collect weather data over time to study trends and patterns. These trends and patterns help them to make future weather predictions.

ESSENTIALS

Essential Questions:

·  What is weather?

·  How do we determine weather patterns?

·  How do weather patterns affect our world?

·  Why is it important to collect weather data over time?

·  What instruments are used to collect weather data?  How are these instruments used?

·  How do weather patterns influence human activity?

In order to meet this standard, it is expected that students will

  • observe and describe seasonal weather patterns and local variations.
  • observe and record daily weather conditions, such as sunny, cloudy, windy, rainy, or snowy.
  • record and interpret daily temperature, using a graph with numbered axes.
  • measure and record weather data, using weather instruments, including a thermometer, rain gauge, and weather vane (standard English and metric measures).
  • describe weather in terms of temperature, wind, and precipitation.
  • observe and describe precipitation in terms of evaporation and condensation of water.
  • observe and describe types of precipitation, including rain, snow, and ice (sleet and hail).
  • describe how tracking weather data over time helps scientists make future weather predictions.
  • evaluate the influence of daily weather conditions on personal activities and dress.
  • identify common types of storms. Examples include hurricanes, tornadoes, blizzards, and thunderstorms.
  • compare and contrast droughts and floods.


KEY VOCABULARY

classify

clouds

cloudy

communicate

condensation

data

drought

evaporation

experiment

flood

gas

graph

hail

hurricane

ice

liquid

mass

matter

observe

precipitation

predict

rain

rain gauge

rainy

record

seasons

sleet

snow,

snowy

solid

storm

sunny

temperature

thermometer

thunderstorm

tornado

track

volume

water cycle

weather vane

wind

windy 


Updated: May 20, 2016