Social Studies - 2018-19

VUS.13f - Scientific and Technological Advances

The student will apply social science skills to understand the social, political, and cultural movements and changes in the United States during the second half of the twentieth century by

f) explaining how scientific and technological advances altered American lives;


Adopted: 2015

BIG IDEAS

UNDERSTANDING THE STANDARD

Scientific and technological advances in the United States increased opportunities for communications and global interactions.

ESSENTIALS

In the early 1960s, President Kennedy pledged increased support for the American space program. The race to the moon continued through the 1960s. United States astronaut John Glenn was the first American to orbit Earth. In 1969, American astronaut Neil Armstrong was the first person to step onto the moon’s surface. He proclaimed, “That’s one small step for a man, one giant leap for mankind.”

Sally Ride was the first female American astronaut.

Over the past three decades, improved technology and media have brought about better access to communication and information for businesses and individuals in both urban and rural areas. As a result, many more Americans have access to global information and viewpoints.

Examples of technological advances 

 Space exploration

o Space shuttle

o Mars rover

o Voyager missions

o Hubble telescope 

 Communications

o Televisions

o Personal computers

o Cellular telephones

o Electronic mail (e-mail)

o Social media 

 Robotics 

 Medical Care

o Polio vaccine by Dr. Jonas Salk

o Cancer screenings

KEY VOCABULARY

Terms & Events

Moral legitimacy

Humanitarian aid

Reunification

Persian Gulf War

Operation Desert Storm

NAFTA
Sanctions

Apartheid

9/11

War in Afghanistan

War in Iraq

Right to privacy

Enumerated

Protection from government interference

Immigration policy (border issues)

Bilingual education

Citizenship requirements

Recent immigrants

Diversity

Space Exploration

Space Shuttle

Mars Rover

Voyager Missions

Hubble telescope

Satellites

GPS

Robotics

Personal Communication Devices

Telecommuting

Online coursework

Outsourcing

Offshoring

Diagnostic and Medical Imaging

 “Reagan Revolution”

Judicial restraint

Centrist Democrat

Inflation

Monetary policy

Fiscal policy

Expansion and contraction of economy

Gross Domestic Product (GDP)

Economic indicators

Exchange rates

Rate of inflation

Patriot Act (USA PATRIOT Act)

Military Initiatives

Diplomatic Initiatives

Homeland security

International terrorism

People

William J. Clinton

George W. Bush

George H.W. Bush

Ruth Bader Ginsburg

Clarence Thomas

Sally Ride 

Dr. Jonas Salk

Sandra Day O’Connor

Ronald Reagan

William J. Clinton

George H.W. Bush

George W. Bush

Places

Germany

Yugoslavia

Eastern Europe

Vietnam

South Africa

Updated: May 18, 2018