Social Studies - 2018-19

VUS.13c - Civil Rights Movement

The student will apply social science skills to understand the social, political, and cultural movements and changes in the United States during the second half of the twentieth century by

c) explaining how the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), the 1963 March on Washington, the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965, and the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) had an impact on all Americans;


Adopted: 2015

BIG IDEAS

UNDERSTANDING THE STANDARD

Working through the court system and mass protest, Americans reshaped public opinion and secured the passage of civil rights.

ESSENTIALS

National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) 

 The NAACP challenged segregation in the courts. 

 The association had a long history of working to overturn the Plessy v. Ferguson decision.


1963 March on Washington 

 Participants were inspired by the “I Have a Dream” speech given by Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. 

 The march helped influence public opinion to support civil rights legislation. 

 The march demonstrated the power of nonviolent, mass protest.


Civil Rights Act of 1964 

 The act prohibited discrimination based on race, color, religion, gender, or national origin. 

 The act desegregated public accommodations (e.g., hotels, restaurants, movie theaters). 

 President Lyndon B. Johnson played an important role in the passage of the act.


Voting Rights Act of 1965 

 The act outlawed literacy tests. 

 Federal registrars were sent to the South to register voters. 

 The act resulted in an increase in African American voters. 

 President Johnson played an important role in the passage of the act.


Americans with Disabilities Act 

 Although the Civil Rights Act of 1964 addressed a broad scope of discrimination, the discrimination against people with disabilities would not be addressed until 1973 with the passage of Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973. 

 Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 prohibits discrimination on the basis of disability in federal programs and by recipients of federal financial assistance. 

 The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), requires that all children with disabilities receive a free, appropriate public education in the least restrictive environment.


KEY VOCABULARY

Terms & Events

Massive resistance

White flight

March on Washington

Civil Rights Act of 1964

Voting Rights Act of 1965

 “I Have A Dream”

Literacy testing

People

Lyndon Johnson

Thurgood Marshall

Oliver Hill

Martin Luther King, Jr.

Registrars

NAACP

Places

Virginia

Supreme Court Cases

Brown v. Board of Education

Updated: May 18, 2018