Social Studies - 2018-19

VUS.13b - Integration Court Cases and Reaction

The student will apply social science skills to understand the social, political, and cultural movements and changes in the United States during the second half of the twentieth century by

b) evaluating and explaining the impact of the Brown v. Board of Education decision, the roles of Thurgood Marshall and Oliver W. Hill, Sr., and how Virginia responded to the decision;


Adopted: 2015

BIG IDEAS

UNDERSTANDING THE STANDARD

By interpreting its powers broadly, the United States Supreme Court can reshape American society.

The Brown v. Board of Education decision had intended and unintended consequences for Virginia and the entire nation.


ESSENTIALS

Brown v. Board of Education 

 Supreme Court decision that segregated schools are unequal and must desegregate 

 Included Virginia case Davis v. County School Board of Prince Edward

Key people 

 Barbara Johns: Student leader in Prince Edward County 

 Thurgood Marshall: NAACP legal defense team 

 Oliver W. Hill, Sr.: NAACP legal defense team in Virginia 

 Earl Warren: Supreme Court chief justice

Virginia’s response 

 Massive Resistance: Closing some schools 

 Establishment of private academies 

 White flight from urban school systems to suburbs


KEY VOCABULARY

Terms & Events

Massive resistance

White flight

March on Washington

Civil Rights Act of 1964

Voting Rights Act of 1965

 “I Have A Dream”

Literacy testing

People

Lyndon Johnson

Thurgood Marshall

Oliver Hill

Martin Luther King, Jr.

Registrars

NAACP

Places

Virginia

Supreme Court Cases

Brown v. Board of Education

Updated: May 18, 2018