Social Studies - 2018-19

VUS.12g - Collapse of Communism

The student will apply social science skills to understand the United States’ foreign policy during the Cold War era by

g) evaluating and explaining the factors that caused the collapse of communism in Europe and how it changed American foreign policy, including the role of Ronald Reagan.


Adopted: 2015

BIG IDEAS

UNDERSTANDING THE STANDARD

Both internal problems and external pressures caused the collapse of communism in the Soviet Union.

ESSENTIALS

Internal problems of the Soviet Union 

 Rising nationalism in Soviet republics 

 Increasing Soviet military expenses 

 Economic inefficiency of communism


Role of President Ronald Reagan 

 Reagan instituted a policy of massive military buildup. 

 He supported the development of the Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI), also commonly known as “Star Wars.” 

 Reagan challenged the moral legitimacy of the Soviet Union with strong rhetoric, including his speech at the Berlin Wall. 

 Ultimately, President Reagan and Soviet Premier Mikhail Gorbachev agreed to terms of arms reduction in the Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (START).


KEY VOCABULARY

Terms & Events

Marshall Plan

Communism

United Nations

Containment Policy

Cold War

NATO

Warsaw Pact

Korea

Vietnam

Truman Doctrine

Massive Retaliation

Free Market Economic System

Socialism

Korean War

Vietnamization

Watergate Scandal

“Bay of Pigs” Invasion

Cuban Missile Crisis

Bomb Drills

Bomb shelters

McCarthyism

Kennedy’s Inaugural Address

Glasnost

Perestroika

Berlin Wall

American Space Program (NASA)

 “…One Small Step…”

People

Dwight D. Eisenhower

Richard Nixon

John F. Kennedy

John Glenn

Neil Armstrong

Alger Hiss

Julius and Ethel Rosenberg

Senator Joseph McCarthy

Fidel Castro

Mikhail Gorbachev

Ronald Reagan

Lyndon Johnson

Places

Post WWII Europe

 Division of Germany and Berlin

Iron Curtain

Soviet Union

North Korea

South Korea

North Vietnam

South Vietnam

Vietnam

China

Cuba

Hampton Roads

Pentagon

Updated: May 18, 2018