Social Studies - 2018-19
VUS.12g - Collapse of Communism
The student will apply social science skills to understand the United States’ foreign policy during the Cold War era by
g) evaluating and explaining the factors that caused the collapse of communism in Europe and how it changed American foreign policy, including the role of Ronald Reagan.
UNDERSTANDING THE STANDARD
Both internal problems and external pressures caused the collapse of communism in the Soviet Union.
Internal problems of the Soviet Union
Rising nationalism in Soviet republics
Increasing Soviet military expenses
Economic inefficiency of communism
Role of President Ronald Reagan
Reagan instituted a policy of massive military buildup.
He supported the development of the Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI), also commonly known as “Star Wars.”
Reagan challenged the moral legitimacy of the Soviet Union with strong rhetoric, including his speech at the Berlin Wall.
Ultimately, President Reagan and Soviet Premier Mikhail Gorbachev agreed to terms of arms reduction in the Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (START).
Terms & Events
Free Market Economic System
“Bay of Pigs” Invasion
Cuban Missile Crisis
Kennedy’s Inaugural Address
American Space Program (NASA)
“…One Small Step…”
Dwight D. Eisenhower
John F. Kennedy
Julius and Ethel Rosenberg
Senator Joseph McCarthy
Post WWII Europe
Division of Germany and Berlin