Social Studies - 2018-19

VUS.12f - Impact of the Cold War at home

The student will apply social science skills to understand the United States’ foreign policy during the Cold War era by

e) analyzing the domestic impact of the Cold War;


Adopted: 2015

BIG IDEAS

UNDERSTANDING THE STANDARD

The expansion of communism into Latin America challenged American interests in the region.

The fight against communism abroad impacted the daily life of Americans.


ESSENTIALS

Impact of the Cold War at home 

 The fear of communism and the threat of nuclear war affected American life throughout the Cold War. 

 During the 1950s and 1960s, American schools regularly held drills to train children in what to do in case of a nuclear attack, and American citizens were urged by the government to build bomb shelters in their own basements. 

 The convictions of Julius and Ethel Rosenberg for spying for the Soviet Union and the construction of nuclear weapons by the Soviets, using technical secrets obtained through spying, increased domestic fears of communism. 

 Senator Joseph McCarthy played on American fears of communism by recklessly accusing many American governmental officials and other citizens of being communists, based on flimsy or no evidence. This led to the coining of the term McCarthyism—the making of false accusations based on rumor or guilt by association. 

 The Cold War made foreign policy a major issue in every presidential election during the period. 

 The heavy military expenditures throughout the Cold War benefited Virginia’s economy proportionately more than any other state, especially in Hampton Roads, home to several large naval and air bases, and in Northern Virginia, home to the Pentagon and numerous private companies that contract with the military

KEY VOCABULARY

Terms & Events

Marshall Plan

Communism

United Nations

Containment Policy

Cold War

NATO

Warsaw Pact

Korea

Vietnam

Truman Doctrine

Massive Retaliation

Free Market Economic System

Socialism

Korean War

Vietnamization

Watergate Scandal

“Bay of Pigs” Invasion

Cuban Missile Crisis

Bomb Drills

Bomb shelters

McCarthyism

Kennedy’s Inaugural Address

Glasnost

Perestroika

Berlin Wall

American Space Program (NASA)

 “…One Small Step…”

People

Dwight D. Eisenhower

Richard Nixon

John F. Kennedy

John Glenn

Neil Armstrong

Alger Hiss

Julius and Ethel Rosenberg

Senator Joseph McCarthy

Fidel Castro

Mikhail Gorbachev

Ronald Reagan

Lyndon Johnson

Places

Post WWII Europe

 Division of Germany and Berlin

Iron Curtain

Soviet Union

North Korea

South Korea

North Vietnam

South Vietnam

Vietnam

China

Cuba

Hampton Roads

Pentagon

Updated: May 18, 2018