Social Studies - 2018-19
VUS.12f - Impact of the Cold War at home
The student will apply social science skills to understand the United States’ foreign policy during the Cold War era by
e) analyzing the domestic impact of the Cold War;
UNDERSTANDING THE STANDARD
The expansion of communism into Latin America challenged American interests in the region.
The fight against communism abroad impacted the daily life of Americans.
Impact of the Cold War at home
The fear of communism and the threat of nuclear war affected American life throughout the Cold War.
During the 1950s and 1960s, American schools regularly held drills to train children in what to do in case of a nuclear attack, and American citizens were urged by the government to build bomb shelters in their own basements.
The convictions of Julius and Ethel Rosenberg for spying for the Soviet Union and the construction of nuclear weapons by the Soviets, using technical secrets obtained through spying, increased domestic fears of communism.
Senator Joseph McCarthy played on American fears of communism by recklessly accusing many American governmental officials and other citizens of being communists, based on flimsy or no evidence. This led to the coining of the term McCarthyism—the making of false accusations based on rumor or guilt by association.
The Cold War made foreign policy a major issue in every presidential election during the period.
The heavy military expenditures throughout the Cold War benefited Virginia’s economy proportionately more than any other state, especially in Hampton Roads, home to several large naval and air bases, and in Northern Virginia, home to the Pentagon and numerous private companies that contract with the military
Terms & Events
Free Market Economic System
“Bay of Pigs” Invasion
Cuban Missile Crisis
Kennedy’s Inaugural Address
American Space Program (NASA)
“…One Small Step…”
Dwight D. Eisenhower
John F. Kennedy
Julius and Ethel Rosenberg
Senator Joseph McCarthy
Post WWII Europe
Division of Germany and Berlin