Social Studies - 2018-19

VUS.12e - US & Cuba Relations

The student will apply social science skills to understand the United States’ foreign policy during the Cold War era by

d) evaluating and explaining how policy changes impacted the United States’ relationships in Latin America;


Adopted: 2015

BIG IDEAS

UNDERSTANDING THE STANDARD

The expansion of communism into Latin America challenged American interests in the region.

ESSENTIALS

Confrontation between the United States and Cuba 

 Cuba was also a site of Cold War confrontations. 

 Fidel Castro led a communist revolution that took over Cuba in the late 1950s. Many Cubans fled to Florida and later attempted to invade Cuba and overthrow Castro. This Bay of Pigs invasion failed. 

 In 1962, the Soviet Union stationed missiles in Cuba, instigating the Cuban Missile Crisis. President Kennedy ordered the Soviets to remove their missiles, instituted a naval blockade of Cuba as Soviet ships approached, and for several days the world was on the brink of nuclear war. Eventually, the Soviet leadership ordered the removal of the missiles from Cuba.

KEY VOCABULARY

Terms & Events

Marshall Plan

Communism

United Nations

Containment Policy

Cold War

NATO

Warsaw Pact

Korea

Vietnam

Truman Doctrine

Massive Retaliation

Free Market Economic System

Socialism

Korean War

Vietnamization

Watergate Scandal

“Bay of Pigs” Invasion

Cuban Missile Crisis

Bomb Drills

Bomb shelters

McCarthyism

Kennedy’s Inaugural Address

Glasnost

Perestroika

Berlin Wall

American Space Program (NASA)

 “…One Small Step…”

People

Dwight D. Eisenhower

Richard Nixon

John F. Kennedy

John Glenn

Neil Armstrong

Alger Hiss

Julius and Ethel Rosenberg

Senator Joseph McCarthy

Fidel Castro

Mikhail Gorbachev

Ronald Reagan

Lyndon Johnson

Places

Post WWII Europe

 Division of Germany and Berlin

Iron Curtain

Soviet Union

North Korea

South Korea

North Vietnam

South Vietnam

Vietnam

China

Cuba

Hampton Roads

Pentagon

Updated: May 18, 2018