Social Studies - 2018-19

VUS.12a - World War II Outcomes

The student will apply social science skills to understand the United States’ foreign policy during the Cold War era by

a) locating and explaining the political boundary changes, and the formation of the United Nations and the Marshall Plan;


Adopted: 2015

BIG IDEAS

UNDERSTANDING THE STANDARD

World War II led to the reshaping of political boundaries and international relationships.

ESSENTIALS

Postwar outcomes 

 The end of World War II found Soviet forces occupying most of Eastern and Central Europe and the eastern portion of Germany. 

 Germany was partitioned into East and West Germany, as was its capital city, Berlin. West Germany and West Berlin became democratic and resumed self-government after a few years of American, British, and French occupation. East Germany and East Berlin remained under the domination of the Soviet Union and did not adopt democratic institutions. 

 Following its defeat, Japan was occupied by American forces. It soon adopted a democratic form of government, resumed self-government, and became a strong ally of the United States. 

 Europe lay in ruins, and the United States launched the Marshall Plan, which provided massive financial aid to rebuild European economies and prevent the spread of communism. 

 The United Nations was formed near the end of World War II to create a body for the nations of the world to try to prevent future global wars, with the United States being one of five key members of the United Nations’ Security Council.

KEY VOCABULARY

Terms & Events

Marshall Plan

Communism

United Nations

Containment Policy

Cold War

NATO

Warsaw Pact

Korea

Vietnam

Truman Doctrine

Massive Retaliation

Free Market Economic System

Socialism

Korean War

Vietnamization

Watergate Scandal

“Bay of Pigs” Invasion

Cuban Missile Crisis

Bomb Drills

Bomb shelters

McCarthyism

Kennedy’s Inaugural Address

Glasnost

Perestroika

Berlin Wall

American Space Program (NASA)

 “…One Small Step…”

People

Dwight D. Eisenhower

Richard Nixon

John F. Kennedy

John Glenn

Neil Armstrong

Alger Hiss

Julius and Ethel Rosenberg

Senator Joseph McCarthy

Fidel Castro

Mikhail Gorbachev

Ronald Reagan

Lyndon Johnson

Places

Post WWII Europe

 Division of Germany and Berlin

Iron Curtain

Soviet Union

North Korea

South Korea

North Vietnam

South Vietnam

Vietnam

China

Cuba

Hampton Roads

Pentagon

Updated: May 18, 2018