Social Studies - 2018-19
VUS.12a - World War II Outcomes
The student will apply social science skills to understand the United States’ foreign policy during the Cold War era by
a) locating and explaining the political boundary changes, and the formation of the United Nations and the Marshall Plan;
UNDERSTANDING THE STANDARD
World War II led to the reshaping of political boundaries and international relationships.
The end of World War II found Soviet forces occupying most of Eastern and Central Europe and the eastern portion of Germany.
Germany was partitioned into East and West Germany, as was its capital city, Berlin. West Germany and West Berlin became democratic and resumed self-government after a few years of American, British, and French occupation. East Germany and East Berlin remained under the domination of the Soviet Union and did not adopt democratic institutions.
Following its defeat, Japan was occupied by American forces. It soon adopted a democratic form of government, resumed self-government, and became a strong ally of the United States.
Europe lay in ruins, and the United States launched the Marshall Plan, which provided massive financial aid to rebuild European economies and prevent the spread of communism.
The United Nations was formed near the end of World War II to create a body for the nations of the world to try to prevent future global wars, with the United States being one of five key members of the United Nations’ Security Council.
Terms & Events
Free Market Economic System
“Bay of Pigs” Invasion
Cuban Missile Crisis
Kennedy’s Inaugural Address
American Space Program (NASA)
“…One Small Step…”
Dwight D. Eisenhower
John F. Kennedy
Julius and Ethel Rosenberg
Senator Joseph McCarthy
Post WWII Europe
Division of Germany and Berlin