Social Studies - 2018-19

VUS.11f - Treatment of Prisoners + Internment Camps

The student will apply social science skills to understand World War II by

f) evaluating and explaining the treatment of prisoners of war and civilians by the Allied and Axis powers.


Adopted: 2015

BIG IDEAS

UNDERSTANDING THE STANDARD

The savagery of war and indecencies against humanity were prevalent during World War II.

ESSENTIALS

Prisoners of war 

 The Geneva Convention established international rules concerning the humane treatment of prisoners of war. 

 The treatment of prisoners of war in Europe more closely followed the agreements of the Geneva Convention. 

 The treatment of prisoners of war in the Pacific often reflected the savagery of fighting as displayed in the Bataan Death March.

Treatment of Japanese American civilians 

 Japanese Americans were relocated to internment camps as a result of strong anti-Japanese prejudice and the fear that Japanese Americans were aiding the enemy. 

 The Supreme Court upheld the government’s right to act against Japanese Americans living on the West Coast of the United States. 

 The Civil Liberties Act of 1988 was signed into law to provide a presidential apology and symbolic payment to the internees, evacuees, and persons of Japanese ancestry who lost liberty or property because of discriminatory action by the federal government during World War II.


KEY VOCABULARY

Terms & Events

WWII

“World” War

Sentiment

military bases

Lend-Lease Act

Axis Powers

Militaristic

Pacific fleet

Embargo

“Date that will live in Infamy”

Defeat Hitler First

Island-hopping

Battles:

El Alamein

Stalingrad

Normandy (D-Day)

Midway

Iwo Jima

Okinawa

“Miracle of Midway”

Casualty

Suez Canal

Atomic Bomb

Segregation

Non-combat roles

Geneva Convention

Bataan Death March

Genocide

Final Solution

Holocaust

Nuremberg Trials

Resource allocation

Mobilization

Nationalism

War bonds

Rationing

Selective Service (draft)

Desegregation

Internment Camps

Internment

Censorship

Public morale

Stereotypes

Propaganda

Iron Curtain

Marshall Plan

Communism

United Nations

People

Harry Truman

Tuskegee Airmen

Nisei Regiments

Minorities: Women, African Americans, Japanese Americans

Rosie the Riveter

Navajo (Signal Corps)

Mexican Americans

POWs

Holocaust victims: Jews, Poles, Slavs ,Gypsies, “Undesirables,”

including homosexuals, mentally ill and political dissidents)

Political Dissents

Places

Poland

Baltic countries

Soviet Union

Germany

North Africa

France

Manchuria

China

Japanese targets: Philippines, Indonesia, Australia and Hawaii

Bermuda and Caribbean

Hitler

Totalitarian Dictatorship

Battle of Britain

Pearl Harbor

Theaters of War:  North Africa, Europe and Pacific

Hiroshima

Nagasaki

Nuremberg

Geneva

Jewish homeland (creation of Israel)

Post WWII Europe

Division of Germany and Berlin 

Updated: May 18, 2018