Social Studies - 2018-19
VUS.11d - WWII: The Homefront
The student will apply social science skills to understand World War II by
d) evaluating and explaining how the United States mobilized its economic and military resources, including the role of all-minority military units (the Tuskegee Airmen and Nisei regiments) and the contributions of media, minorities, and women to the war effort;
UNDERSTANDING THE STANDARD
World War II was a total war in which all of America’s economic and human resources had to be mobilized to their greatest capacity.
African Americans generally served in segregated military units and were assigned to noncombat roles but demanded the right to serve in combat rather than in support roles.
All-minority military units
Tuskegee Airmen (African Americans) served in Europe with distinction.
Nisei regiments (Japanese Americans) earned a high number of decorations.
Additional contributions of minorities
Communication codes of the Navajo were used (oral, not written language; impossible for the Japanese to break).
Hispanic Americans also fought, but in nonsegregated units.
Minority units suffered high casualties and won numerous unit citations and individual medals for bravery in action.
United States government and industry forged a close working relationship to allocate resources effectively.
Rationing was used to maintain supply of essential products to the war effort.
War bonds and income tax were used to finance the war.
Businesses retooled from peacetime to wartime production (e.g., car manufacturing to tank manufacturing).
More women and minorities entered the labor force.
Citizens volunteered in support of the war effort.
The draft (selective service) was used to provide personnel for the military.
Women on the home front during World War II
Women increasingly participated in the workforce to replace men serving in the military (e.g., Rosie the Riveter).
Women typically participated in noncombat military roles.
African Americans on the home front during World War II
African Americans migrated to cities in search of jobs in war plants.
African Americans campaigned for victory in war and equality at home.
Media and communications assistance
The United States government maintained strict censorship of reporting of the war.
Public morale and ad campaigns kept Americans focused on the war effort.
The entertainment industry produced movies, plays, and shows that boosted morale and patriotic support for the war effort as well as portrayed the enemy in stereotypical ways.
Terms & Events
“Date that will live in Infamy”
Defeat Hitler First
“Miracle of Midway”
Bataan Death March
Selective Service (draft)
Minorities: Women, African Americans, Japanese Americans
Rosie the Riveter
Navajo (Signal Corps)
POWsHolocaust victims: Jews, Poles, Slavs ,Gypsies, “Undesirables,”
including homosexuals, mentally ill and political dissidents)
Japanese targets: Philippines, Indonesia, Australia and Hawaii
Bermuda and Caribbean
Battle of Britain
Theaters of War: North Africa, Europe and Pacific
Jewish homeland (creation of Israel)
Post WWII EuropeDivision of Germany and Berlin