Social Studies - 2018-19

VUS.11c - WWII: The Pacific Theater

The student will apply social science skills to understand World War II by

c) describing and locating the major battles and key leaders of the Pacific theater;


Adopted: 2015

BIG IDEAS

UNDERSTANDING THE STANDARD

The war strategy of the United States in the Pacific led to America’s victory against Japan.

ESSENTIALS

Key Leaders of the Pacific Theater 

 United States of America

o Douglas MacArthur 

 Japan

o Emperor Hirohito

o Hideki Tojo

United States’ Strategy 

 In the Pacific, American military strategy called for an “island hopping” campaign, seizing islands increasingly closer to Japan and using them as bases for air attacks on Japan, and for cutting off Japanese supplies through submarine warfare against Japanese shipping.

Japan’s Strategy 

 Following Pearl Harbor, Japan invaded the Philippines and Indonesia and planned to invade both Australia and Hawaii. 

 Japan’s leaders hoped that America would accept Japanese predominance in Southeast Asia and the Pacific, rather than conduct a bloody and costly war to reverse Japanese gains.

Major Battles in the Pacific Theater 

 Battles of Midway, Iwo Jima, and Okinawa 

 Use of the atomic bomb on Hiroshima and Nagasaki


KEY VOCABULARY

Terms & Events

WWII

“World” War

Sentiment

military bases

Lend-Lease Act

Axis Powers

Militaristic

Pacific fleet

Embargo

“Date that will live in Infamy”

Defeat Hitler First

Island-hopping

Battles:

El Alamein

Stalingrad

Normandy (D-Day)

Midway

Iwo Jima

Okinawa

“Miracle of Midway”

Casualty

Suez Canal

Atomic Bomb

Segregation

Non-combat roles

Geneva Convention

Bataan Death March

Genocide

Final Solution

Holocaust

Nuremberg Trials

Resource allocation

Mobilization

Nationalism

War bonds

Rationing

Selective Service (draft)

Desegregation

Internment Camps

Internment

Censorship

Public morale

Stereotypes

Propaganda

Iron Curtain

Marshall Plan

Communism

United Nations

People

Harry Truman

Tuskegee Airmen

Nisei Regiments

Minorities: Women, African Americans, Japanese Americans

Rosie the Riveter

Navajo (Signal Corps)

Mexican Americans

POWs

Holocaust victims: Jews, Poles, Slavs ,Gypsies, “Undesirables,”

including homosexuals, mentally ill and political dissidents)

Political Dissents

Places

Poland

Baltic countries

Soviet Union

Germany

North Africa

France

Manchuria

China

Japanese targets: Philippines, Indonesia, Australia and Hawaii

Bermuda and Caribbean

Hitler

Totalitarian Dictatorship

Battle of Britain

Pearl Harbor

Theaters of War:  North Africa, Europe and Pacific

Hiroshima

Nagasaki

Nuremberg

Geneva

Jewish homeland (creation of Israel)

Post WWII Europe

Division of Germany and Berlin 

Updated: May 18, 2018