Social Studies - 2018-19

VUS.11b - WWII: The European Theater

The student will apply social science skills to understand World War II by

b) describing and locating the major battles and key leaders of the European theater;


Adopted: 2015

BIG IDEAS

UNDERSTANDING THE STANDARD

Military miscalculations by the leadership of the Axis powers led to a strategic Allied victory in World War II.

ESSENTIALS

Key Political Leaders of the European Theater 

 United States of America

o Franklin Delano Roosevelt

o Harry Truman 

 Great Britain

o Winston Churchill 

 Soviet Union

o Joseph Stalin 

 Germany

o Adolf Hitler

Military Leaders 

 Dwight D. Eisenhower 

 George C. Patton

Allied Strategy in the European Theater 

 America and its allies (Britain and the Soviet Union after being invaded by Germany) followed a “Defeat Hitler First” strategy. 

 Most American resources were targeted for Europe.

Axis Strategy in the European Theater 

 Germany hoped to defeat the Soviet Union quickly, gain control of Soviet oil fields, and force Britain out of the war through a bombing campaign and submarine warfare before America’s industrial and military strength could turn the tide.

Major Battles of the European Theater 

 Stalingrad 

 Normandy landings: D-Day 

 Battle of the Bulge


KEY VOCABULARY

Terms & Events

WWII

“World” War

Sentiment

military bases

Lend-Lease Act

Axis Powers

Militaristic

Pacific fleet

Embargo

“Date that will live in Infamy”

Defeat Hitler First

Island-hopping

Battles:

El Alamein

Stalingrad

Normandy (D-Day)

Midway

Iwo Jima

Okinawa

“Miracle of Midway”

Casualty

Suez Canal

Atomic Bomb

Segregation

Non-combat roles

Geneva Convention

Bataan Death March

Genocide

Final Solution

Holocaust

Nuremberg Trials

Resource allocation

Mobilization

Nationalism

War bonds

Rationing

Selective Service (draft)

Desegregation

Internment Camps

Internment

Censorship

Public morale

Stereotypes

Propaganda

Iron Curtain

Marshall Plan

Communism

United Nations

People

Harry Truman

Tuskegee Airmen

Nisei Regiments

Minorities: Women, African Americans, Japanese Americans

Rosie the Riveter

Navajo (Signal Corps)

Mexican Americans

POWs

Holocaust victims: Jews, Poles, Slavs ,Gypsies, “Undesirables,”

including homosexuals, mentally ill and political dissidents)

Political Dissents

Places

Poland

Baltic countries

Soviet Union

Germany

North Africa

France

Manchuria

China

Japanese targets: Philippines, Indonesia, Australia and Hawaii

Bermuda and Caribbean

Hitler

Totalitarian Dictatorship

Battle of Britain

Pearl Harbor

Theaters of War:  North Africa, Europe and Pacific

Hiroshima

Nagasaki

Nuremberg

Geneva

Jewish homeland (creation of Israel)

Post WWII Europe

Division of Germany and Berlin 

Updated: May 18, 2018