Social Studies - 2018-19

VUS.10d - FDR's New Deal

The student will apply social science skills to understand key events during the 1920s and 1930s by

d) evaluating and explaining how Franklin D. Roosevelt’s New Deal measures addressed the Great Depression and expanded the government’s role in the economy.


Adopted: 2015

BIG IDEAS

UNDERSTANDING THE STANDARD

The New Deal had many long-term effects on United States government and society. As a result of the New Deal, the role of the federal government changed, transforming American politics, the economy, and society.

ESSENTIALS

New Deal (Franklin Roosevelt) 

 This program changed the role of the government to a more active participant in solving problems. 

 Roosevelt rallied a frightened nation in which one in four workers was unemployed (“We have nothing to fear, but fear itself”). 

 Relief measures provided direct payment to people for immediate help (Works Progress Administration [WPA]). 

 Recovery programs were designed to bring the nation out of the depression over time (Agricultural Adjustment Administration [AAA]). 

 Reform measures corrected unsound banking and investment practices (Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation [FDIC]). 

 The Social Security Act offered safeguards for workers.

The legacy of the New Deal influenced the public’s belief in the responsibility of government to deliver public services, to intervene in the economy, and to act in ways that promote the general welfare.


KEY VOCABULARY

Terms & Events

Stock Market Crash

Overspeculation

Bankruptcy

Buying on Margin

Federal Reserve

Contraction

Hawley-Smoot Tariff (Tariff Act of 1930)

Fireside Chats

Militancy

Foreclosure

Migration

New Deal

Three R’s

WPA

AAA

FDIC

Social Security

People

Franklin Roosevelt

Updated: May 18, 2018