Social Studies - 2018-19
VUS.9b - World War I
The student will apply social science skills to understand the emerging role of the United States in world affairs during the end of the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries by
b) evaluating the United States’ involvement in World War I, including Wilson’s Fourteen Points;
Unit Essential Questions
What forces shape US foreign policy?
How does democracy shape the American experience?
How has America changed over time?
UNDERSTANDING THE STANDARD
The United States fought in World War I in defense of democratic and humanitarian principles.
United States involvement in World War I
The war began in Europe in 1914 when Germany and Austria-Hungary went to war with Britain, France, and Russia.
For three years, America maintained neutrality due to popular support for isolationism.
The decision to enter the war was the result of continuing German submarine warfare (violating freedom of the seas) and American ties to Great Britain.
Americans wanted to “make the world safe for democracy.” (Woodrow Wilson)
America’s military resources of soldiers and war materials tipped the balance of the war and led to Germany’s defeat.
Wilson’s plan to eliminate the causes of war
o Freedom of the seas
o League of Nations
Terms & Events
Freedom of the seas
League of Nations
Treaty of Versailles
Europe in WWIPost WWI Europe