Social Studies - 2018-19

VUS.9b - World War I

The student will apply social science skills to understand the emerging role of the United States in world affairs during the end of the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries by

b) evaluating the United States’ involvement in World War I, including Wilson’s Fourteen Points;


Adopted: 2015

BIG IDEAS

Unit Themes

Unit Essential Questions

Foreign Policy 

What forces shape US foreign policy?

Government

How does democracy shape the American experience? 

Change

How has America changed over time? 


UNDERSTANDING THE STANDARD

The United States fought in World War I in defense of democratic and humanitarian principles.

ESSENTIALS

United States involvement in World War I 

 The war began in Europe in 1914 when Germany and Austria-Hungary went to war with Britain, France, and Russia. 

 For three years, America maintained neutrality due to popular support for isolationism. 

 The decision to enter the war was the result of continuing German submarine warfare (violating freedom of the seas) and American ties to Great Britain. 

 Americans wanted to “make the world safe for democracy.” (Woodrow Wilson) 

 America’s military resources of soldiers and war materials tipped the balance of the war and led to Germany’s defeat.

Fourteen Points 

 Wilson’s plan to eliminate the causes of war 

 Key points

o Self-determination

o Freedom of the seas

o League of Nations


KEY VOCABULARY

Terms & Events

WWI

Freedom of the seas

Neutral

Self-determination

Fourteen Points

League of Nations

Mandate system

Treaty of Versailles

Isolationism

People

Woodrow Wilson

Allies

Central Powers

Places

Europe in WWI

Post WWI Europe

Updated: May 18, 2018