Social Studies - 2018-19
VUS.8f - Progressive Movement
The student will apply social science skills to understand how the nation grew and changed from the end of Reconstruction through the early twentieth century by
f) evaluating and explaining the economic outcomes and the political, cultural and social developments of the Progressive Movement and the impact of its legislation
Unit Essential Questions
Is there one American Experience?
To what extent does the American economy shape the American experience?
How do people affect change in their society?
UNDERSTANDING THE STANDARD
The Progressive Movement sought to reform the economic, political, and social systems of the United States through government regulation and oversight.
Causes of the Progressive Movement
Economic exploitation: Formation of trusts and monopolies, and exploitation of natural resources
Political corruption: Formation of political machines maintaining power through bribes and voter intimidation
Social injustice: Child labor; living conditions; consumer protection; racial, gender, and ethnic equality
Goals of the Progressive Movement
Increase economic opportunity
Increase social justice
Muckraking Progressive leaders
Muckrakers: Progressives whose investigative literature exposed abuses in economics, politics, and society
Ida Tarbell: The History of the Standard Oil Company
Lincoln Steffens: The Shame of the Cities
Upton Sinclair: The Jungle
Progressive accomplishments: National legislation
o The earlier Sherman Anti-Trust Act prevented any business structure that “restrains trade” (monopolies).
o The Clayton Anti-Trust Act expanded upon the Sherman Anti-Trust Act by exempting unions from prosecution under the Sherman Act, and it outlawed price-fixing.
o The Federal Reserve System was established. Political:
o Primary elections were established.
o The 17th Amendment was passed, establishing the direct election of United States senators.
o The 19th Amendment was enacted, providing women with the right to vote. Efforts to gain the right to vote were realized through the strong leadership of the women’s movement by Carrie Chapman Catt and Alice Paul as well as the nation’s recognition of women’s wartime contributions during World War I.
o Consumer protection: Enacted the Meat Inspection Act and the Pure Food and Drug Act
o Alcohol consumption: Passage of the 18th Amendment, better known as “Prohibition”; later the amendment was repealed by the 21st Amendment
Progressive accomplishments: State level
Sherman Anti-Trust Act
Clayton Anti-Trust Act
Ida B. Wells
Booker T. Washington
Eugene V. Debs
Knights of Labor
American Federation of Labor
American Railway Union
International Ladies Garment Workers Union
Plessy v. Ferguson