Social Studies - 2018-19
VUS.7c - Impact of the War on Americans
The student will apply social science skills to understand the Civil War and Reconstruction eras and their significance as major turning points in American history by
c) evaluating and explaining the impact of the war on Americans, with emphasis on Virginians, African Americans, the common soldier, and the home front;
UNDERSTANDING THE STANDARD
The Civil War had a profound impact on the whole of American society.
African Americans served in the Union Army and Navy following the implementation of the Emancipation Proclamation.
African Americans served as a part of contraband armies and aboard Union naval ships.
Enslaved African Americans seized the opportunity presented by the approach of Union troops to achieve freedom.
Many fought with distinction and were eventually paid salaries that were equal to those of white soldiers.
Warfare often involved hand-to-hand combat.
After the war, especially in the South, soldiers returned home to find destroyed homes and poverty. Soldiers on both sides lived with permanent disabilities.
Managed homes and families with scarce resources
Often faced poverty and hunger as evidenced by Bread Riots in Richmond, Virginia
Assumed new roles in agriculture, nursing, and war industries
Terms & Events
Uncle Tom’s Cabin
Confederate States of America
Election of 1860
Second Inaugural Address
Harriet Beecher Stowe
Ulysses S. Grant
Robert E. Lee
Battle of Gettysburg
Battle of Antietam