Social Studies - 2018-19

VUS.7c - Impact of the War on Americans

The student will apply social science skills to understand the Civil War and Reconstruction eras and their significance as major turning points in American history by

c) evaluating and explaining the impact of the war on Americans, with emphasis on Virginians, African Americans, the common soldier, and the home front;


Adopted: 2015

BIG IDEAS

UNDERSTANDING THE STANDARD

The Civil War had a profound impact on the whole of American society.

ESSENTIALS

African Americans 

 African Americans served in the Union Army and Navy following the implementation of the Emancipation Proclamation. 

 African Americans served as a part of contraband armies and aboard Union naval ships. 

 Enslaved African Americans seized the opportunity presented by the approach of Union troops to achieve freedom. 

 Many fought with distinction and were eventually paid salaries that were equal to those of white soldiers.

Common soldiers 

 Warfare often involved hand-to-hand combat. 

 After the war, especially in the South, soldiers returned home to find destroyed homes and poverty. Soldiers on both sides lived with permanent disabilities.

Women 

 Managed homes and families with scarce resources 

 Often faced poverty and hunger as evidenced by Bread Riots in Richmond, Virginia 

 Assumed new roles in agriculture, nursing, and war industries


KEY VOCABULARY

Terms & Events

States’ rights

Uncle Tom’s Cabin

Civil War

Union

Confederacy

Confederate States of America

Secession

Emancipation Proclamation

Election of 1860

Gettysburg Address

Second Inaugural Address

Malice

Assassination

People

Harriet Beecher Stowe

Jefferson Davis

Abraham Lincoln

Ulysses S. Grant

Robert E. Lee

Frederick Douglass

Places

Ft. Sumter

Battle of Gettysburg

Battle of Antietam

Appomattox

Updated: May 18, 2018