Social Studies - 2018-19

VUS.7a - Major Events and Leaders of the Civil War

The student will apply social science skills to understand the Civil War and Reconstruction eras and their significance as major turning points in American history by

a) describing major events and the roles of key leaders of the Civil War Era, with emphasis on Jefferson Davis, Ulysses S. Grant, Robert E. Lee, and Frederick Douglass;


Adopted: 2015

BIG IDEAS

UNDERSTANDING THE STANDARD

Major political and military leaders impacted the course of the Civil War and its aftermath.

ESSENTIALS

Major events

•   Election of Lincoln as president of the United States (1860), followed by the secession of 

several Southern states that feared Lincoln would try to abolish slavery

•    Fort Sumter: Opening confrontation of the Civil War

•     Emancipation Proclamation: Issued after the Battle of Antietam

•    Gettysburg: Turning point of the Civil War

•    Sherman’s March to the Sea

•    Appomattox: Site of Lee’s surrender to Grant

Key leaders and their roles

•      Jefferson Davis

o United States senator who became president of the Confederate States of America

•    Ulysses S. Grant

o Union military commander who won victories over the South after several other Union commanders 

had failed

•    Robert E. Lee

o Confederate general of the Army of Northern Virginia

o Opposed secession, but did not believe the Union should be held together by force

•      Frederick Douglass

o Former enslaved African American

o Became a prominent abolitionist

o Urged Lincoln to recruit former enslaved African Americans to fight in the Union army


KEY VOCABULARY

Terms & Events

States’ rights

Uncle Tom’s Cabin

Civil War

Union

Confederacy

Confederate States of America

Secession

Emancipation Proclamation

Election of 1860

Gettysburg Address

Second Inaugural Address

Malice

Assassination

People

Harriet Beecher Stowe

Jefferson Davis

Abraham Lincoln

Ulysses S. Grant

Robert E. Lee

Frederick Douglass

Places

Ft. Sumter

Battle of Gettysburg

Battle of Antietam

Appomattox

Updated: May 18, 2018