Social Studies - 2018-19

VUS.6g - Causes of the Civil War

The student will apply social science skills to understand major events in Virginia and United States history during the first half of the nineteenth century by

g) evaluating and explaining the multiple causes and compromises leading to the Civil War, including the role of the institution of slavery.

Adopted: 2015



The events of the 1850s, combined with the lack of strong presidential leadership, led to the secession of Southern states.

Sectional tensions, originating with the formation of the nation, ultimately resulted in war between the Northern and Southern states.


Causes of the Civil War 

 Sectional disagreements and debates over tariffs, extension of slavery into the territories, and the nature of the Union (states’ rights) 

 Northern abolitionists vs. Southern defenders of slavery 

 Publication of Uncle Tom’s Cabin by Harriet Beecher Stowe 

 United States Supreme Court decision in the Dred Scott case

 A series of failed compromises over the expansion of slavery in the territories and the Fugitive Slave Act


Updated: May 18, 2018