Social Studies - 2018-19

VUS.6c - War of 1812

The student will apply social science skills to understand major events in Virginia and United States history during the first half of the nineteenth century by

c) assessing the political and economic changes that occurred during this period, with emphasis on James Madison and the War of 1812;

Adopted: 2015


Unit Themes

Unit Essential Questions

Environment (geography)

How does the environment and geography impact our lives?

Economic Systems

To what extent does the American economy shape the American experience? 


What are the duties and privileges of American citizenship?

Constitutional Principles

How does the US Constitution shape our lives as Americans? 


The second war with Britain had lasting political and economic consequences as American nationalism and economic production greatly increased.


War of 1812 

 British interference with American shipping and the American desire for western expansionism fueled the call for a declaration of war. 

 Federalists, in opposition to Madison’s war resolution and to the war effort, met at the Hartford Convention and discussed secession. 

 Following the outcomes of the War of 1812, the Federalists were viewed as unpatriotic and treasonous, which ultimately led to the demise of the political party. 

 The war led to the departure of thousands of enslaved African Americans to British forces, resulting in enhanced American efforts to prevent future foreign invasions (e.g., Fort Monroe).

Economic impact of the War of 1812 

 A market revolution emerged following the War of 1812, which transformed the American economy through

o transportation improvements in canals and railroads

o agricultural improvements such as the cotton gin and mechanical reaper

o industrial innovations, including textile mills

o communication improvements, including the telegraph. 

 Many of these internal improvements were funded by tariffs through the American System.


Terms & EventsPeoplePlaces Supreme Court Cases

Bank of the United States

Jay Treaty


“Undeclared war”

Peaceful transfer of power

Louisiana Purchase

War of 1812

Monroe Doctrine

Florida(treaty with Spain)

Transportation Revolution

Free Markets

Judicial Review

Implied powers

Branches of government

Levels of government

Interstate Commerce

John Marshall

Thomas Jefferson

James Madison

John Adams

Alexander Hamilton

Lewis and Clark



Oregon Territory

Western/Eastern Hemisphere

 Marbury v. Madison

McCulloch v. Maryland

Gibbons v. Ogden

Updated: May 18, 2018