Social Studies - 2018-19
VUS.5b - Constitutional Convention
The student will apply social science skills to understand the development of the American political system by
b) describing the major compromises necessary to produce the Constitution of the United States, with emphasis on the roles of James Madison and George Washington;
Unit Essential Questions
How do systems, ideas, or beliefs change over time?
How does the US Constitution shape our lives as Americans?
How does democracy shape the American experience?
UNDERSTANDING THE STANDARD
The Constitution of the United States was created in a spirit of compromise in order to establish an effective form of government, with notable contributions by Virginians George Washington and James Madison.
Key issues and their resolutions
Made federal law the supreme law of the land when constitutional, but otherwise gave the states considerable leeway to govern themselves
Balanced power between large and small states by creating a Senate, where each state has two senators, and a House of Representatives, where membership is based on population as stated in the Great Compromise
Appeased the Southern states by counting slaves as three-fifths of the population when determining representation in the United States House of Representatives
Avoided a too-powerful central government by establishing three co-equal branches (legislative, executive, judicial) with numerous checks and balances among them providing for separation of powers
Limited the powers of the federal government to those identified in the Constitution
George Washington, president of the Convention
o Washington presided at the Convention and, although seldom participating in the debates, lent his enormous prestige to the proceedings.
James Madison, “Father of the Constitution”
o Madison, a Virginian and a brilliant political philosopher, often led the debate and kept copious notes of the proceedings—the best record historians have of what transpired at the Constitutional Convention.
o At the Convention, he authored the Virginia Plan, which proposed a federal government of three separate branches (legislative, executive, judicial) and became the foundation for the structure of the new government.
o He later authored much of the Bill of Rights.
|Terms & Events||People||Places|
Articles of Confederation
House of Representatives
Equal Branches: Judicial, Executive, Legislative
Checks and Balances
Bill of Rights
Virginia Declaration of Rights
Virginia Statute for Religious Freedom