Social Studies - 2018-19

VUS.5a - Founding Documents

The student will apply social science skills to understand the development of the American political system by

a) examining founding documents to explore the development of American constitutional government, with emphasis on the Virginia Declaration of Rights and the Virginia Statute for Religious Freedom in the framing of the Bill of Rights;


Adopted: 2015

BIG IDEAS

Unit Themes

Unit Essential Questions

Change  

How do systems, ideas, or beliefs change over time?

Constitutional Principles 

How does the US Constitution shape our lives as Americans?  

Government

How does democracy shape the American experience?


UNDERSTANDING THE STANDARD

American political leaders wrote a series of documents intended to provide an effective system of government based on republican principles.

ESSENTIALS

The Articles of Confederation American political leaders, fearful of a powerful central government like Britain’s, created a weak national system of government. Significant powers given to the states ultimately made the national government ineffective. The Articles of Confederation 

 provided for a weak national government 

 gave Congress no power to tax or regulate commerce among the states 

 provided for no common currency 

 gave each state one vote regardless of size or population 

 provided for no executive or judicial branch 

 ultimately was replaced with a stronger central government through the formation of the Constitution of the United States.

Virginia Declaration of Rights (George Mason) 

 Stated that governments should not violate the people’s natural rights

Virginia Statute for Religious Freedom (Thomas Jefferson) 

 Supported freedom of religious exercise and separation of church and state

The United States Constitution’s Bill of Rights 

 James Madison consulted the Virginia Declaration of Rights and the Virginia Statute for Religious Freedom when drafting the amendments that eventually became the United States Bill of Rights.


KEY VOCABULARY

Terms & EventsPeoplePlaces

Articles of Confederation

Constitution

Commerce

Currency

Supremacy

Senate

House of Representatives

Three-Fifths Compromise

Equal Branches: Judicial, Executive, Legislative

Population-based legislature

Representation

Checks and Balances

Limited Government

Virginia Plan

Bill of Rights

Virginia Declaration of Rights

Virginia Statute for Religious Freedom

Ratification

Supreme Court

Constitutional Convention

James Madison

George Washington

George Mason

Thomas Jefferson

Patrick Henry

Federalists

Anti-Federalists


Philadelphia, PA


Updated: May 18, 2018