Social Studies - 2018-19
VUS.3c - Indentured Servitude and Slavery
The student will apply social science skills to understand early European colonization by
c) explaining the impact of the development of indentured servitude and slavery in the colonies.
Unit Essential Questions
How does the environment and geography impact our lives?
To what extent does the American economy shape the American experience?
How does democracy shape the American experience?
UNDERSTANDING THE STANDARD
American colonial reliance on a cheap, enslaved labor force eventually conflicted with the founding principles established in the Declaration of Independence.
The development of indentured servitude and slavery
Although all American colonies adopted African slavery as their primary non-free labor system, the growth of a plantation-based agricultural economy in the hot, humid coastal lowlands of the Middle and Southern colonies required a cheap labor source on a large scale.
Some of the labor needs, especially in Virginia, were met by indentured servants, who were often poor persons from England, Scotland, or Ireland who agreed to work on plantations for a period of time in return for their passage from Europe or relief from debts.
Most plantation labor needs eventually came to be satisfied by the forcible importation of Africans. Although some Africans worked as indentured servants, earned their freedom, and lived as free citizens during the colonial era, over time larger and larger numbers of enslaved Africans were forcibly brought to the American colonies via the Middle Passage.
The development of a slavery-based agricultural economy in the Southern colonies eventually led to conflict between the North and South in the American Civil War.
|Terms & Events||People||Places|
House of Burgesses
Virginia Company of London
Athenian Model of Direct Democracy
Church of England
Caribbean, Central and South America settlements
Location of 13 Colonies and colonial regions