Social Studies - 2018-19

VUS.3a - Economic Characteristics of Colonies

The student will apply social science skills to understand early European colonization by

a) evaluating the economic characteristics of the colonies;


Adopted: 2015

BIG IDEAS

Unit Themes

Unit Essential Questions

Environment

How does the environment and geography impact our lives?

Economic Systems 

To what extent does the American economy shape the American experience? 

Government

How does democracy shape the American experience?


UNDERSTANDING THE STANDARD

Colonial economies developed under the European system of mercantilism as determined by the climate, soil conditions, and natural resources available in each region.

ESSENTIALS

Economic characteristics of the colonial period 

 The New England colonies developed an economy based on shipbuilding, fishing, lumbering, small-scale subsistence farming, and eventually, manufacturing. The colonies prospered, reflecting the Puritans’ strong belief in the values of hard work and thrift. 

 The middle colonies of New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and Delaware developed economies based on shipbuilding, small-scale farming, and trading. Cities such as New York and Philadelphia began to grow as seaports and/or commercial centers. 

 Southern colonies developed economies in the eastern coastal lowlands based on large plantations that grew cash crops such as tobacco, rice, and indigo for export to Europe. Farther inland, however, in the mountains and valleys of the Appalachian foothills, the economy was based on small-scale subsistence farming, hunting, and trading.

 A strong belief in private ownership of property and free enterprise characterized colonial life everywhere. 

 The economic system of mercantilism used by imperial nations created a system of interdependence between the mother country and its colonies.

KEY VOCABULARY

Terms & EventsPeoplePlaces

Covenant Community

Town Meetings

Direct Democracy

Mayflower Compact

House of Burgesses

General Assembly

Virginia Company of London

Persecution

Athenian Model of Direct Democracy

Middle Passage

Great Awakening

Church of England 

Representative Legislature

Cavaliers

Slaves

Indentured Servants

Artisans

Puritans

Dissenters

Artisans

Entrepreneurs

Quakers

Huguenots

Jamestown

Shenandoah Valley

Caribbean, Central and South America settlements

Location of 13 Colonies and colonial regions

Appalachian foothills


Updated: May 18, 2018